Quick summary: Students use a chocolate biscuit to simulate coal mining and to introduce concepts of environmental impact and non-renewable resources.
- Students understand that some energy resources such as coal are non-renewable.
- Students recognise that mining is planned so it limits the impact on the environment.
Australian Curriculum Mapping
Year 5 Mathematics
- Choose appropriate units of measurement for length, area, volume, capacity and mass (ACMMG108)
- List outcomes of chance experiments involvingequally likely outcomes and represent probabilities of those outcomes using fractions (ACMSP116)
Year 6 Mathematics
- Compare observed frequencies across experiments with expected frequencies (ACMSP146)
Year 6 Science
- Energy from a variety of sources can be used to generate electricity (ACSSU219)
Syllabus Outcomes: ST3-6PW, MA3-10MG, MA3-11MG, MA3-12MG, MA3-19SP, MA3-9MG, MA3‑1WM, MA3‑2WM, MA3‑3WM
Time required: 48 mins
Level of teacher scaffolding: Lead students through experiment and engage students in a discussion to answer closing questions.
Resources required: 2 different kinds of chocolate chip biscuits for each student, 2 toothpicks, 2 napkins, paper and pens, printed copy of Student Worksheet for each student.
Digital technology opportunities: Digital sharing capabilities.
Homework and extension opportunities: Extension opportunity included.
Keywords: Energy, mining, resources, non-renewable.
NB. Students may need to thoroughly clean the surface of the tables they are working on. Students must wash their hands before the activity starts.
Cool Australia’s curriculum team continually reviews and refines our resources to be in line with changes to the Australian Curriculum.