Activity Introduction

Quick summary: Students engage in a debate about our best energy future. They prepare and present posters about different futures based on their knowledge of current energy sources. They discuss the futures and either vote on what individuals see as the best future or bring all the best aspects together to form a class consensus.

Learning goals:

  • Students develop knowledge about a range of energy sources in Australia.
  • Students apply their knowledge and skills to answer a series of comprehension questions about key facts around energy.

Australian Curriculum Mapping

Year 5 Science

  • Communicate ideas, explanations and processes in a variety of ways, including multi-modal texts (ACSIS093)
  • Scientific knowledge is used to inform personal and community decisions (ACSHE217)

Year 6 Science

  • Communicate ideas, explanations and processes in a variety of ways, including multi-modal texts(ACSIS110)
  • Scientific knowledge is used to inform personal and community decisions (ACSHE220)

Syllabus Outcomes: ST3-6PW, ST3-4WS.

General capabilities: Critical and creative thinking, Personal and social capability.

Cross-curriculum priority: Sustainability OI.8.

Topic: Energy

Year levels: 5 and 6

Indoor or outdoor activity: Indoor

Time required: 60+ mins, this activity may need more than one lesson

Level of teacher scaffolding: Assist students with research and with design of posters.

Resources required: Internet access and arts materials.

Homework and extension opportunities: This activity can be extended over several lessons.

Keywords: Energy, future thinking, conservation.

Cool Australia’s curriculum team continually reviews and refines our resources to be in line with changes to the Australian Curriculum.


Teacher Worksheet

energy-rating-sticker-heroTeacher preparation

Overarching learning goal: By participating in this activity students will develop knowledge about how we generate energy and draw conclusions about the best possible energy future for Australia.

Teacher background information: Energy is the lifeblood of our modern life. It gives us light and keeps our food fresh. It powers our industry, fuels our cars, and charges our iPhones. Our energy is produced by burning fossil fuels and this has a range of environmental, social and economic impacts. One of the most significant is the emission of greenhouse gases. A solution is the transition to clean energy sources. The brilliant thing is that we have huge amounts of free, renewable and clean supplies of natural energies. These include sunlight, wind, running water, oceans and underground hot rocks.

Want to know more about energy? Check out Cool Australia's video (

Teaching sequence

5 minutes – Ask students to view the Student Worksheet and

- or - to view worksheets

Student Worksheet

Big energy options

Option one - Keep producing electricity and running transport the way it is done at the moment until there is a cheaper way of getting renewable energy in the future.

Option two - Slowly start replacing coal and oil with renewable energy such as solar and wind.

Option three - Make people and industry use less energy. Those people who use too much energy should be made to pay extra tax or be fined.

Option four - Only allow low energy options to be sold such as LED lights, lower energy fridges and TVs and small cars. Only energy efficient buildings can be approved.

Option five - Close all coal power stations in 10 years time.

Option six - Use all the carbon tax to build renewable power supplies such as solar and wind and subsidise the sale of electric cars.

Option seven - Do nothing until the rest of the world has started and we can copy them.

Option eight - Spend a lot of research money finding better ways of producing renewable energy and running tran

- or - to view worksheets

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