Activity Introduction

Earth-Hour-drought-dam-2-heroQuick summary: Students investigate how floods and droughts affect both the natural environment and farming. Students begin by identifying key features of floods and droughts, and then write a short story about how a native plant or animal experiences floods and droughts. This lesson meets selected Australian Curriculum outcomes for Years 3 and 4 in the subjects of English, Science and Geography.

earth-hour-160x160In 2016, Earth Hour will celebrate the places we love that make our outdoor lifestyle and the Aussie way of life so great. Our beaches, rivers, reefs, snow-capped mountains, farmland and national parks uniquely distinguish Australia as the “lucky country”. You can become a part of the movement and start to take action on climate change by visiting earthhour.org.au to register for Lights Out or find your local event. Take part and register in Earth Hour Schools Day on Friday the 18th March and don’t forget to switch off on Earth Hour, on Saturday 19th March 8:30-9:30pm.

Learning goals:

  • Students will be able to identify floods and droughts.
  • Students will recognise how floods and droughts affect our environment and the people living in these places.
  • Students will use their creative writing skills to write a short story.

General capabilities: Literacy, Critical and creative thinking

Cross curriculum priority: Sustainability OI.1.

Australian Curriculum content descriptions:

Year 3 English

  • Create imaginative texts based on characters, settings and events from students’ own and other cultures using visual features, for example perspective, distance and angle (ACELT1601)
  • Create texts that adapt language features and patterns encountered in literary texts, for example characterisation, rhyme, rhythm, mood, music, sound effects and dialogue (ACELT1791)

Year 3 Geography

  • The main climate types of the world and the similarities and differences between the climates of different places (ACHASSK068)

Year 4 English

  • Create literary texts that explore students’ own experiences and imagining (ACELT1607)
  • Create literary texts by developing storylines, characters and settings (ACELT1794)

Year 4 Science

  • Living things, including plants and animals, depend on each other and the environment to survive (ACSSU073)
  • Earth’s surface changes over time as a result of natural processes and human activity (ACSSU075)

Syllabus Outcomes: EN2-10C, EN2-2AGE2-1ST2-10LW, ST2-8ES.

Time needed: 60 minutes.

Resources required: Internet access, Student Worksheet.

Key words: Climate change, Earth Hour, impacts, floods, droughts, environment, future.

Cool Australia’s curriculum team continually reviews and refines our resources to be in line with changes to the Australian Curriculum.

Worksheets

Teacher Worksheet

Eearth-Hour-drought-heroTeacher preparation

Teacher content information: Earth Hour is a WWF initiative which has grown into the world’s largest community-driven campaign for the planet. At the centre of the campaign is the symbolic collective action of switching off the lights. Through this action, individuals, businesses, schools and communities join a visible statement of commitment to act on climate change. Participation remains a powerful reminder to our political leaders that there is ongoing concern and demand for the government to act on climate change.

This year Earth Hour is shining the spotlight on the impact of climate change on the Places We Love. One of the things that makes Australia so great is the beautiful outdoor lifestyle we live. From beaches, rainforests and rivers, to snow-capped mountains, coral reefs and lakes, we have one of the most beautiful countries in the world. But the healthy, outdoors lifestyle we enjoy is under threat from rising temperatures and more extreme weather cause

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Student Worksheet

Thought starter: Many sugar cane plantations are located very close to the sea in northern Australia and will be in danger of flooding as sea levels keep rising.

Warm-up activity – floods and droughts

What do you know about floods and droughts? Answer the following questions (try to keep your answers to less than 10 words):

What is a flood? 

How do floods happen? 

What is a drought? 

How do droughts happen? 

 

Part 1. Photo task

Look at the two pictures below and answer the questions below:

Photo 1.

flood

Is this a drought or a flood?

Describe what you can see in this picture:

How do you think this is affecting the environment in this place?

How do you think this is affecting farming in this place?

 

Photo 2.

drought

Is this a drought or a flood?

Describe what you can see in this picture:

How do you think this is affecting the environment in this place?

How do you think this is affec

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