Quick summary: In this activity students investigate the different properties of solids, liquids and gases. They explore what happens when rising temperatures cause ice on land and in the sea to melt. They conduct two experiments, one looking at sea ice and the other looking at land ice and observe how the melting of this ice affects the sea level.
Following this lesson plan is an ideal way for your school to take part in Earth Hour. You’ll be joining thousands of amazing teachers in making a difference and creating positive environmental change.
- Students build an understanding of states of matter
- Students explore changing states of matter
- Student apply their scientific knowledge to predict how rising temperatures will impact our climate.
General capabilities: Critical and creative thinking
Australian Curriculum content description:
Year 5 Science
- Solids, liquids and gases have different observable properties and behave in different ways(ACSSU077)
- With guidance, pose questions to clarify practical problems or inform a scientific investigation, and predict what the findings of an investigation might be (ACSIS231)
- With guidance, plan appropriate investigation methods to answer questions or solve problems (ACSIS086)
- Compare data with predictions and use as evidence in developing explanations (ACSIS218)
- Communicate ideas, explanations and processes in a variety of ways, including multi-modal texts(ACSIS093)
Year 6 Science
- Changes to materials can be reversible, such as melting, freezing, evaporating; or irreversible, such as burning and rusting (ACSSU095)
- With guidance, pose questions to clarify practical problems or inform a scientific investigation, and predict what the findings of an investigation might be (ACSIS232)
- Use equipment and materials safely, identifying potential risks (ACSIS105)
- Compare data with predictions and use as evidence in developing explanations (ACSIS221)
- Communicate ideas, explanations and processes in a variety of ways, including multi-modal texts (ACSIS110)
Syllabus Outcomes: SC4-15LW, SC4-12ES, SC4-10PW.
Topic: Climate change
Time required: 60 mins
Level of teacher scaffolding: High – conduct experiment, facilitate discussion and oversee activity
Resources required: Ice cubes, waterproof tray, plastic sheet, sticky tape, scissors, water, black marker, ruler long enough to fit most of the width of the tray, gravel (optional), internet access, student worksheet.
Homework and extension opportunities: This activity includes opportunities for extension.
Keywords: Sea ice, ice bergs, land ice, melting, experiment, Antarctica, Arctic.
Cool Australia’s curriculum team continually reviews and refines our resources to be in line with changes to the Australian Curriculum.