Activity Introduction

trilobite-heroQuick summary: Students undertake research to explore the role of fossils in supporting the theory of evolution. They communicate their understanding of the importance of fossils by rewriting the lyrics of a song by a ‘fossil’ and sharing their lyrics with the class.

Learning goals:

  • Students understand the role of fossils in the theory of evolution.
  • Students will identify examples of fossils used to support the theory of evolution.

21st century skills:

evolution fossil music skills

Australian Curriculum Mapping

Content description:

Year 10 Science

  • The theory of evolution by natural selection explains the diversity of living things and is supported by a range of scientific evidence (ACSSU185)
  • Communicate scientific ideas and information for a particular purpose, including constructing evidence-based arguments and using appropriate scientific language, conventions and representations (ACSIS208)

Year 10 English

  • Create sustained texts, including texts that combine specific digital or media content, for imaginative, informative, or persuasive purposes that reflect upon challenging and complex issues (ACELY1756)

Syllabus OutcomesSC5-14LW

General capabilities: Critical and creative thinking, Literacy.

Cross-curriculum priority: Sustainability OI.2.

Relevant parts of Year 10 Science achievement standards: Students explain the processes that underpin heredity and evolution.

Relevant parts of Year 10 English achievement standards: Students create a wide range of texts to articulate complex ideas.

Topic: Evolution.

Time required: 60 mins.

Level of teacher scaffolding: Low – oversee activity.

Resources required: Fossils and evolution factsheet, Evidence for evolution factsheet, Internet access, library access (optional). Student Worksheet – one copy per student OR computers/tablets to access the online worksheet.

Digital technology opportunities: Digital sharing capabilities.

Homework and extension opportunities: Includes opportunities for homework and extension.

Keywords: Fossil, fossil record, theory of evolution, music, lyrics.

Cool Australia’s curriculum team continually reviews and refines our resources to be in line with changes to the Australian Curriculum.

Worksheets

Teacher Worksheet

fossil-fish-heroTeacher preparation

Overarching learning goal: By participating in this lesson students will understand the role of fossils in the theory of evolution and will be able to identify examples of fossils used to support the theory of evolution.

Teacher content information:

Evolution: It's a Thing - Crash Course Biology #20 - (http://youtu.be/P3GagfbA2vo)

Teaching sequence

5 minutes - Part A: How do fossils support the theory of evolution? - Class brainstorm
20 minutes - Part A: How do fossils support the theory of evolution? - Research
5 minutes - Part B: Fossil music - Watching and responding to video
30 minutes - Part B: Fossil music - Writing and sharing lyrics
10 minutes - Reflection - May be completed as homework

Work through this resource material in the following sequence:

Part A: How do fossils support the theory of evolution?

Step 1. Begin the activity by asking students to participate in a class brainstorm based on the following points:

  • What is a fossil?
  • Where do fossil
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Student Worksheet

Thought starter: How old is the oldest fossil?

Part A. How do fossils support the theory of evolution?

In this activity you will be working in groups to undertake research in order to answer the following question: How do fossils support the theory of evolution?

Use the following factsheets and the Internet or library to support your answers:

If using the Internet, remember the Search strategies for Googling and keep a record of sources.

Each group will need to find at least three individual examples of fossil discoveries that have been used to support the theory of evolution.

Use the questions below to guide your research:

What is a fossil?

What is modification by descent and how to fossils help explain it?

What are homologous structures and what do they tell us about evolution?

What are analogous structures and what do they tell us about evolution?

What is a vestigal organ? Give examples:

How are

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