Activity Introduction

bbrw-numbers-photoframe-newQuick summary: Students interrogate the circular flow of income model by considering the way that natural resources and pollution associated with the production and consumption of goods have traditionally been excluded from this model. Students are asked to consider smartphones as an example of the production and exchange of goods for consumption, and to then create a new circular flow of income model that shows the true cost of another product that we commonly consume. Students will work in pairs to create an infographic of their new model. Finally, students are asked to consider the roles and responsibilities of the main players of our market economy (consumers, workers, businesses and governments) in minimising the true cost of the products we consume.

BB logo coolest partnerBendigo Bank is passionate about connecting with and enriching communities across Australia. Cool Australia and Bendigo Bank share the common goal of bringing communities together through educational programs that help to build sustainable communities for the future. This lesson supports students to inquire into the big idea of ‘real wealth’. Students develop an understanding of shared values, and build their sustainable and ethical financial knowledge, equipping them with the skills to make sound financial decisions based on social, environmental and economical merit.

Learning goals:

  • Students understand the basic workings of the economy and can identify a simplified circular flow of income.
  • Students recognise that pollution and natural resources are not included in a simplified model of the circular flow of income, and that when they are included the model is no longer circular.
  • Students begin to understand the ‘true cost’ (social and environmental) of the production and consumption of goods.
  • Students consider the roles and responsibilities of the main players in our economy in minimising the true cost of consumption.

General capabilities: Critical and creative thinking.

Cross-curriculum priority: Sustainability OI.5.

Australian Curriculum content description:

Year 7 Economics and Business

  • The ways consumers and producers respond to and influence each other in the market (ACHEK017)

Year 8 Economics and Business

  • The rights and responsibilities of consumers and businesses in Australia (ACHEK029)

Syllabus Outcomes: C4.2, C4.3, C4.4.

Topic: Consumption

Unit of lessons: Bendigo Bank Real Wealth

Time required: 60 mins.

Level of teacher scaffolding: Low – read information in the Teacher Worksheet to ensure a sound understanding of the economy.

Resources required: Student Worksheets – one copy per student OR computers/tablets to access the online worksheet. Device capable of presenting a website to the class. One printed copy of Households Need Businesses, Businesses Need Households worksheet per pair of students. Real Wealth Cheat Sheet, Glossary – Secondary. Extension – Complex Circular Flow of Income

Digital technology opportunities: Use of internet to view introductory videos and various diagrams. Digital drawing tools could be used for main players and definition matching activities. Digital sharing capabilities.

Homework and extension opportunities: This lesson includes opportunities for extension.

Keywords: economics, scarcity, resources, goods, services, production, households, government, income, circular flow of income, Bendigo Bank.

Cool Australia’s curriculum team continually reviews and refines our resources to be in line with changes to the Australian Curriculum.

Worksheets

Teacher Worksheet

bbrw-coins-photoframe-newTeacher preparation

Overarching learning goal: Students will understand the basic workings of the economy and a simplified model of the circular flow of income. They will recognise that pollution and natural resources are not included in a simplified model of the circular flow of income and, when they are included, the model is no longer circular. They will begin to understand the 'true cost' (social and environmental) of the production and consumption of goods. Finally, students will consider the roles and responsibilities of the main players in our economy in identifying and minimising the true cost of consumption.

Teacher content information: The circular flow of income is a simple economic model depicting how money flows through the economy. In this lesson, the most basic version is used where the economy is modelled as consisting of only two main players: households and businesses. In this model, money flows to workers in the form of wages, and money flows back to firms in excha

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Student Worksheet

Thought Starter: What is the true cost of all the things we consume?

Definition Checker

Remembering the two videos you watched (What is economics? and The Lorax) and the questions you answered in relation to these videos, match the words below to the definitions in the table.

Natural resources Consumption Scarcity Economics Resources

WORD

DEFINITION

The study of how individuals and groups make decisions with limited resources as to best satisfy their wants, needs and desires.

The goods or services available to individuals and businesses used to produce valuable consumer products.

When the demand for something is much greater than the supply, or there is not enough money to buy it.

Natural assets (raw materials) occurring in nature that can be used for economic production or consumption.

The using up of goods and services by consumer purchasing, or in the production of other goods

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