Activity Introduction


In this lesson, students will revise features of the circular flow and Doughnut Economic models from the previous lesson, 2040 – Comparing Economic Models – Economics – Years 9 & 10, before exploring a real-world example of Doughnut Economics in action.


Students will have the opportunity to investigate one of the five solutions presented in the 2040 feature documentary. Groups will evaluate the impact all solutions have on environmental and social wellbeing using a set criteria and star rating system. Students will then reflect individually on the solutions using ‘The Doughnut’ model as a guide.


Learning Intentions

  • Students understand the features of the Doughnut Economics model
  • Students identify the pressures placed on the planet and the inequality of social wellbeing
  • Students evaluate possible solutions to an environmental and social problem

Lesson & Curriculum Details

  • Topic: Learning Through Film, Climate Change, Energy, Social Issues, Sustainability.
  • Unit of work: 2040 – Economics and Business – Years 7 to 10
  • Time required: 100 mins.
  • Level of teacher scaffolding:  Medium – facilitate class discussion
  • Keywords: economic model, circular flow, doughnut economics, Kate Raworth, doughnut, environmental wellbeing, social wellbeing, problems, solutions, documentary, 2040, decentralisation, sustainable economy.

To view our Australian Curriculum alignment click here.

To view our NZ Curriculum alignment click here.

Resources Required

  • Student Worksheets – one copy per student.
  • Device capable of presenting a video to the class. 
  • Devices for students to watch clips in small groups or individually.
  • Chalk, masking tape or sports markers. 
  • Solutions Evaluation Table.

Accessing the Film

2040 is an innovative feature documentary that looks to the future, but is vitally important NOW!  Director Damon Gameau embarks on a journey to explore what the future could look like by the year 2040 if we simply embraced the best solutions already available to us to improve our planet and shifted them rapidly into the mainstream. 

In Australia: Order the Schools Version of the 2040 DVD. The Schools Version includes an educational license and is for Australian primary and secondary schools that wish to utilise the film as a learning tool or host free on-site screenings for the school community.

In New Zealand: Find out how to see the film here. 2040 is currently only available in NZ cinemas and you can make a group booking for your class at your local cinema. The Schools Version of the DVD and BluRay will be released in New Zealand on 7th November 2019. This version includes an educational licence that covers classroom use and on-site screenings for the school community. To pre-order a copy for your school, please email: [email protected].


Cool Australia’s curriculum team continually reviews and refines our resources to be in line with changes to the Australian Curriculum.

Cool Australia, GoodThing Productions and Regen Pictures would like to acknowledge the generous contributions of Good Pitch AustraliaShark Island InstituteDocumentary Australia FoundationThe Caledonia Foundation and our philanthropic partners in the development of these teaching resources.



Teacher Worksheet

Teacher Preparation

Learning intentions: Students will…

  • ... understand the features of the Doughnut diagram
  • ... understand the pressures placed on the planet and the inequality of social wellbeing
  • ... understand possible solutions to an environmental and social problem.

Success criteria: Students can…

  • ... identify and label the Doughnut diagram
  • ... identify the environmental problems and social equalities evident in our world
  • ... explore and evaluate possible solutions to problems that are available today.

Teacher content information: A 2018 study by The University of Melbourne on the thoughts and concerns of young people from Generations X and Y found the number one concern across both groups was lack of action around climate change. In particular, "Generation X worries what climate change will mean for their own children, while Generation Y is concerned about the impact on future generations" (The Educator). The report indicates that young people have a serio

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Student Worksheet

Thought starter: "We need to create an economy that meets the needs of all people within the means of the living planet." – Kate Raworth.

What is Doughnut Economics?

Review the features of 'The Doughnut' using this diagram.

Doughnut Case Study - Decentralised Electricity Grid

You will now watch a clip from the 2040 documentary film that provides a case study of a decentralised electricity grid in India as an example of an innovation that brings people into the Doughnut. Use the following questions to reflect on this clip:

What's Your 2040 - For Energy? Password: 2040_EDU (

  • How did this clip make you feel and why?




  • What was most interesting or inspiring about this clip?




  • What were the main messages of the clip and how relevant are they to you?




  • What questions do you still have about this clip?




Read this diagram to explore how microgrids help bring people into the Doughnu

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