Activity Introduction


In this lesson, students will be immersed in, and connect with, the documentary film 2040, focusing on the topics of food security. Students begin this lesson by looking at a range of future foods and thinking about why these foods will be popular in the future before being introduced to the topic of food security and working in pairs to clarify key terms around this topic.


Students then work in groups to participate in a jigsaw activity to share their research on key factors relating to food security. They then work collaboratively to develop an idea for ensuring food security for their community into the future and present their ideas to the class.


Learning Intentions

  • Students will understand what food security is
  • Students will understand some of the key factors threatening future food security
  • Students will recognise a range of proposed solutions to the potential future food security crisis

Lesson & Curriculum Details

  • Topic: Sustainability, Food.
  • Unit of work: 2040 – Geography – Years 7 to 10
  • Time required: 60+ mins.
  • Level of teacher scaffolding: Medium – oversee activities and facilitate class discussions.
  • Keywords: 2040 documentary, food, food security, future, environment.

To view our Australian Curriculum alignment click here.

To view our NZ Curriculum alignment click here.

Resources Required

Accessing the Film

2040 is an innovative feature documentary that looks to the future, but is vitally important NOW!  Director Damon Gameau embarks on a journey to explore what the future could look like by the year 2040 if we simply embraced the best solutions already available to us to improve our planet and shifted them rapidly into the mainstream. 

In Australia: Order the Schools Version of the 2040 DVD. The Schools Version includes an educational license and is for Australian primary and secondary schools that wish to utilise the film as a learning tool or host free on-site screenings for the school community.

In New Zealand: Find out how to see the film here. 2040 is currently only available in NZ cinemas and you can make a group booking for your class at your local cinema. The Schools Version of the DVD and BluRay will be released in New Zealand on 7th November 2019. This version includes an educational licence that covers classroom use and on-site screenings for the school community. To pre-order a copy for your school, please email: [email protected].


Cool Australia’s curriculum team continually reviews and refines our resources to be in line with changes to the Australian Curriculum.

Cool Australia, GoodThing Productions and Regen Pictures would like to acknowledge the generous contributions of Good Pitch AustraliaShark Island InstituteDocumentary Australia FoundationThe Caledonia Foundation and our philanthropic partners in the development of these teaching resources.



Teacher Worksheet

Teacher preparation

Learning intentions: Students will ...

  • ... understand what food security is
  • ... understand some of the key factors threatening future food security
  • ... recognise a range of proposed solutions to the potential future food security crisis

Success criteria: Students can …

  • ... work independently and collaboratively
  • ... participate in group and class discussions
  • ... conduct research
  • ... create a presentation

Teacher content information: A 2018 study by The University of Melbourne on the thoughts and concerns of young people from Generations X and Y found the number one concern across both groups was lack of action around climate change. In particular, "Generation X worries what climate change will mean for their own children, while Generation Y is concerned about the impact on future generations" (The Educator). The report indicates that young people have a serious mistrust in the Government's ability or willingness to tackle climate change.


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Student Worksheet

Thought Starter: How much food will we need in the future?

Population Growth and Food Security

1. Work in pairs to open this website -

Spend some time looking at the data on this site, and record your thoughts in response to the following questions:

Which countries have the largest populations?

How does Australia’s population density compare with other countries?

What is the projected global population for 2040 (the year the documentary is concerned with)?

What other information do you find interesting or surprising on this website?


2. Now consider why food security might be a problem for future populations.

The following are a range of factors that may affect food security in the future. Your group will be assigned one number (from 1-4) that correlates with one of the factors:

  1. Consumption patterns - The amounts and types of food we demand will change according to the amount of money people have to spend
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