Activity Introduction

Quick summary: This Health and Physical Education (HPE) lesson introduces the PERMA model of wellbeing. There are five building blocks that enable flourishing – Positive Emotion, Engagement, Relationships, Meaning, and Accomplishment (hence PERMA™) – and there are techniques to increase each. This lesson focuses on the PERMA model’s ‘Positive Emotion and Relationships’ aspect with case studies used from ‘A Fire Inside’. Students identify aspects of positive relationships and examine their impact on an individual’s wellbeing. Using the information they have gained in the lesson, students work together to make proposals to improve wellbeing at their school.

Learning intentions:

  • Students understand the 5 elements of the PERMA model
  • Students can identify evidence of positive relationships impacting upon wellbeing
  • Students can propose strategies to build and utilise positive relationships in times of stress.

21st-century skills: 

Creative ThinkingCritical ThinkingCommunicatingCommunity EngagementEmpathyEthical UnderstandingProblem FindingProblem SolvingSocial SkillsTeam Work          

Australian Curriculum Mapping

Content descriptions: 

Years 9 & 10 Health and Physical Education (HPE):

  • Evaluate factors that shape identities and critically analyse how individuals impact the identities of others (ACPPS089)
  • Plan, implement and critique strategies to enhance the health, safety and wellbeing of their communities (ACPPS096).

Syllabus outcomes: PDHPE5.1, PDHPE5.6

General capabilities: Critical and Creative Thinking, Ethical Understanding, Information and Communication Technology (ICT) Capability, Literacy, Personal and Social Capability.

Cross-curriculum priority: Sustainability

Relevant parts of Year 9 & 10 HPE achievement standards: By the end of Year 10, students critically analyse contextual factors that influence identities, relationships, decisions and behaviours. They analyse the impact attitudes and beliefs about diversity have on community connection and wellbeing. They evaluate the outcomes of emotional responses to different situations. 

Topic: PERMA model 

This lesson is part of the wider unit of work: A Fire Inside: Feature Documentary Years 7 to 10.

Time required: 100 mins.

Level of teacher scaffolding: Medium – facilitate class discussion.

Resources required:

  • A device capable of presenting a video to the class
  • Student Worksheets – one copy per student
  • Supplies for poster creation (if desired as an option for Part C)

Keywords: PERMA, volunteering, health, wellbeing, positive, community, bushfires. 

Cool Australia’s curriculum team continually reviews and refines our resources to be in line with changes to the Australian Curriculum.


Teacher Worksheet

Teacher Preparation

Before teaching the lessons, ensure you have watched the feature documentary “A Fire Inside” rated M15+ and have gained approval from parents and guardians before viewing the documentary or specific clips produced for Cool. Consider completing the first lesson: Viewing The Film to ensure students have a clear understanding of the feature documentary and how to apply their knowledge and critical thinking skills. 

To view the film you can rent or purchase an online copy from Google PlayApple TVPrime Video, or Ritz at home.

Students may develop heightened emotions and discomfort during the film. It is recommended that you direct students to a school counsellor if they require additional support and read through the Handling Sensitive Topics and Issues Template document.

Learning intentions: Students will...

  • ...understand the 5 elements of the PERMA model
  • ...identify evidence of positive relationships impacting upon wellbeing
  • ...propose strategies to b
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Student Worksheet

Thought-starter: “A joyful life is an individual creation that can not be copied from a recipe." - Mihaly Csikszentmihalyi

1. What is the PERMA model?

Write down all the things you do to make yourself feel ‘well’ or ‘content’.

  • What strategies do you use to make yourself feel better?

2. The PERMA MODEL video introduction

The aspect of the PERMA Model:

After you have watched the video about the PERMA model write down some strategies, activities, tools or people that can help you use this aspect of the PERMA model:

3. The importance of positive relationships. 

Activity/relationship/ sense of achievement How it helped the individual 

How did being involved in BlazeAid help the wellbeing of everyone involved?

4. Improve the community 

  Strategy to improve this at our school Why this will have a positive impact
Positive emotions    
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