Quick summary: In this lesson, students will develop cultural understanding by exploring the Diwali celebration of India and the custom of rangoli art. Rangoli is a traditional form of art in which pictures are drawn with materials such as coloured rice, flour or sand in the entrances of homes to promote health and wellbeing. These designs are generally symmetrical in nature and include vibrant colours. The presence of symmetry in rangoli designs allows students to link their exploration of visual art and culture to mathematical concepts as they respond to and create their own designs.
This lesson has been created in partnership with education specialists, OfficeMax.
- Students are aware of the diversity of culture in our world.
- Students apply a range of techniques from different cultures and times to create works of art.
21st century skills:
Australian Curriculum Mapping
Year 3 and 4 Art
- Explore ideas and artworks from different cultures and times, including artwork by Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander artists, to use as inspiration for their own representations (ACAVAM110)
- Use materials, techniques and processes to explore visual conventions when making artworks (ACAVAM111)
- Present artworks and describe how they have used visual conventions to represent their ideas (ACAVAM112)
- Identify intended purposes and meanings of artworks using visual arts terminology to compare artworks, starting with visual artworks in Australia including visual artworks of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Peoples (ACAVAR113)
Year 3 Mathematics
- Identify symmetry in the environment (ACMMG066)
Year 4 Mathematics
- Create symmetrical patterns, pictures and shapes with and without digital technologies (ACMMG091)
Relevant parts of Year 3 Mathematics Achievement Standards: By the end of Year 3, students recognise the connection between addition and subtraction and solve problems using efficient strategies for multiplication. They model and represent unit fractions. They recall addition and multiplication facts for single-digit numbers. Students use metric units for length, mass and capacity. Students make models of three-dimensional objects.
Relevant parts of Year 4 Mathematics Achievement Standards: By the end of Year 4 students recognise common equivalent fractions in familiar contexts and make connections between fraction and decimal notations up to two decimal places. Students compare areas of regular and irregular shapes using informal units. Students create symmetrical shapes and patterns.
Relevant parts of Year 3 and 4 Visual Arts Achievement Standards: Students describe and discuss similarities and differences between artworks they make and those to which they respond. They discuss how they and others organise the elements and processes in artworks.
Students collaborate to plan and make artworks that communicate ideas.
Relevant parts of Year 3 and 4 Design and Technologies Achievement Standards: Students generate and record design ideas for an audience using technical terms and graphical and non-graphical representation techniques including algorithms. They plan a sequence of steps (algorithms) to create solutions, including visual programs.
Topic: Art & Craft.
Unit of work: Learning Through Art & Craft – Primary.
Time required: 120 mins.
Level of teacher scaffolding: Medium – students will likely require support to develop the techniques applied to draw lines and fill spaces with sand.
Resources required: Device capable of displaying video. A device capable of photographing student designs. Portable digital devices (at least on per pair). Coloured sand and Natural sand (watch this clip to see how to create coloured sand using natural sand and powdered paint). Combs (various, for students to share). Forks, cotton buds, teaspoons and matchsticks (one per student). Bangles (various sizes to share). Glitter shakers (around one per three students). Student Worksheet (one per student).
Keywords: Hindu, festival, culture, tradition, design, symmetry, colour, art, craft, Diwali, rangoli.
Cool Australia’s curriculum team continually reviews and refines our resources to be in line with changes to the Australian Curriculum.