Quick summary: In this lesson, students brainstorm traits that help organisms survive in their environment, identifying them as structural, behavioural or physiological. They then explore how adaptations only help an animal thrive in their particular habitat. Students will create a poster showing the adaptations of a newly discovered subspecies that allow the organism to survive in its habitat. They will also learn about mimicry and research plant and animal mimicry.
- Students understand that adaptations, or adaptive traits, help an animal survive and reproduce under the specific biotic and abiotic factors in their environment
- Students understand how to identify and describe the adaptations of specific animals
- Students understand the biotic and abiotic factors in an environment
- Students understand the advantages of mimicry in relation to a specific plant or animal.
21st century skills:
Australian Curriculum Mapping
Year 9 Science
- Ecosystems consist of communities of interdependent organisms and abiotic components of the environment; matter and energy flow through these systems (ACSSU176)
- Communicate scientific ideas and information for a particular purpose, including constructing evidence-based arguments and using appropriate scientific language, conventions and representations (ACSIS174)
Syllabus outcomes: SC5-9WS, SC5-14LW.
Cross-curriculum priority: Sustainability OI.2.
Relevant parts of Year 9 achievement standards: Students analyse how biological systems function and respond to external changes with reference to interdependencies, energy transfers and flows of matter. They evaluate others’ methods and explanations from a scientific perspective and use appropriate language and representations when communicating their findings and ideas to specific audiences.
Topic: Biodiversity, Sustainability.
This lesson is part of the wider unit of work Backyard Bush Blitz – Year 9.
Time required: 75 mins.
Level of teacher scaffolding: Medium – facilitate class discussion and activities.
- A3 paper or a digital poster-making app.
- Device capable of accessing the internet and presenting a video to the class (optional)
- Bush Blitz Information Sheet – one animal per pair
- Student devices capable of creating audiovisual recordings, such as iPads or cameras
- Student Worksheets – one copy per student.
Keywords: Adaptations, ecosystems, mimicry, bush blitz, survival, animals, biotic, abiotic.
Bush Blitz is Australia’s largest nature discovery program run by EarthWatch who kindly provided the images in these lessons. Thank you to the Ian Potter Foundation and John T Reid Charitable Trusts for generously supporting the development of these lessons.
Cool Australia’s curriculum team continually reviews and refines our resources to be in line with changes to the Australian Curriculum.