Quick summary: In this lesson, students will explore how forms of energy are incorporated into the process of separating recyclable and non-recyclable materials. They will watch two short clips that explain energy then apply their new understanding of energy by identifying the different forms used in a Materials Recovery Facility. Students will work in small groups to design their own way to use a form of energy to separate soft plastics from other recyclable materials.
This activity has been developed in partnership with Visy. For over 70 years Visy has been committed to finding sustainable solutions for Australia’s recyclables and helping to reduce local landfills. Visy collects, receives and sorts paper, cardboard, glass, plastics, steel and aluminium from households, businesses and schools with the purpose of reusing these products in the re-manufacture of new packaging products.
- Students will be able to classify materials into recyclable and non-recyclable categories
- Students will know the forms of energy that separate materials at a Materials Recovery Facility
- Students will understand how to use energy to separate soft plastic from other recyclable materials.
21st century skills:
Australian Curriculum Mapping
Year 8 Science
- Energy appears in different forms, including movement (kinetic energy), heat and potential energy, and energy transformations and transfers cause change within systems (ACSSU155).
- Scientific knowledge has changed peoples’ understanding of the world and is refined as new evidence becomes available (ACSHE119).
- Solutions to contemporary issues that are found using science and technology, may impact on other areas of society and may involve ethical considerations (ACSHE120).
- People use science understanding and skills in their occupations and these have influenced the development of practices in areas of human activity (ACSHE121).
- Communicate ideas, findings and evidence based solutions to problems using scientific language, and representations, using digital technologies as appropriate (ACSIS133).
Syllabus outcomes: SC4-10PW, SC4-15LW, SC4-11PW, SC4-13ES, SC4-9WS.
General capabilities: Literacy, Critical and Creative Thinking, Ethical Understanding.
Cross-curriculum priority: Sustainability OI.8.
Relevant parts of Year 8 Science achievement standards: Students identify different forms of energy and describe how energy transfers and transformations cause change in simple systems. Students identify questions that can be investigated scientifically. They use appropriate language and representations to communicate science ideas, methods and findings in a range of text types.
Topic: Recycling, Sustainability.
Unit of work: Visy Education – Secondary Science.
Time required: 120 mins.
Level of teacher scaffolding: Medium – teachers will facilitate an innovative design process.
- Student Worksheets (one copy per student)
- Device capable of presenting a video to the class
- Tools/materials to be incorporated into students’ soft plastic removal systems
- A range of different recyclable materials (listed in Part C of the Teacher Worksheet in more detail).
Keywords: Recycling, materials, resources, kinetic energy, potential energy.
The information and statistics included in this document are approximate and have been simplified for educational/illustrative purposes. They should not be relied upon for any other purpose.
Cool Australia’s curriculum team continually reviews and refines our resources to be in line with changes to the Australian Curriculum.