Quick summary: Students explore the impact of coal mining on the landscape. They begin by looking at where coal comes from and how we use it. They then use a chocolate biscuit to simulate coal mining and to introduce concepts of environmental impact and non-renewable resources.
- What is coal?
- Where do we get coal from?
- How can mining affect the natural environment?
- How is mining planned so that it limits any environmental impacts?
21st century skills:
Australian Curriculum Mapping
Year 5 Mathematics
- Choose appropriate units of measurement for length, area, volume, capacity and mass (ACMMG108)
- List outcomes of chance experiments involving equally likely outcomes and represent probabilities of those outcomes using fractions (ACMSP116)
Year 5 Geography
- The environmental and human influences on the location and characteristics of a place and the management of spaces within them (ACHASSK113)
Year 6 Mathematics
- Compare observed frequencies across experiments with expected frequencies (ACMSP146)
Year 6 Science
- Energy from a variety of sources can be used to generate electricity (ACSSU219)
Syllabus Outcomes: ST3-6PW, MA3-10MG, MA3-11MG, MA3-12MG, MA3-19SP, MA3-9MG, MA3‑1WM, MA3‑2WM, MA3‑3WM
Relevant parts of Year 5 Mathematics achievement standards: Students use appropriate units of measurement for length, area, volume, capacity and mass, and list outcomes of chance experiments with equally likely outcomes.
Relevant parts of Year 5 Geography achievement standards: Students identify and describe the interconnections between people and the human and environmental characteristics of places and identify the effects of these interconnections on the characteristics of places and environments.
Relevant parts of Year 6 Mathematics achievement standards: Students compare observed and expected frequencies.
Relevant parts of Year 6 Science achievement standards: Students describe how energy can be transformed from one form to another when generating electricity.
Time required: 60 mins
Level of teacher scaffolding: Lead students through experiment and engage students in a discussion to answer closing questions.
Resources required: 2 different kinds of chocolate chip biscuits for each student, 2 toothpicks, 2 napkins, paper and pens, printed copy of Student Worksheet for each student.
Digital technology opportunities: Digital sharing capabilities.
Homework and extension opportunities: Extension opportunity included.
Keywords: Energy, mining, resources, non-renewable.
Cool Australia’s curriculum team continually reviews and refines our resources to be in line with changes to the Australian Curriculum.