Activity Introduction

Quick summary: Students will consider why and how people litter, then develop a campaign to convince litterbugs to refuse, reduce, reuse and recycle. They will consider the environmental and social impacts of littering.

clean up logoFollowing this lesson plan is an ideal way for your school to take part in Schools Clean Up Day. You’ll be joining thousands of amazing teachers in making a difference and creating positive environmental change.


Learning goals:

  • Students understand the social and environmental implications of littering.
  • Students begin to take responsibility for unwanted food packaging.
  • Students will rethink the concept of why people litter and how they can change litterbugs value set.

Australian Curriculum content description:

Year 9 English:

  • Create imaginative, informative and persuasive texts that present a point of view and advance or illustrate arguments, including texts that integrate visual, print and/or audio features (ACELY1746)
  • Plan, rehearse and deliver presentations, selecting and sequencing appropriate content and multimodal elements for aesthetic and playful purposes (ACELY1741)
  • Use interaction skills to present and discuss an idea and to influence and engage an audience by selecting persuasive language, varying voice tone, pitch, and pace, and using elements such as music and sound effects (ACELY1811)

Year 10 English:

  • Create sustained texts, including texts that combine specific digital or media content, for imaginative, informative, or persuasive purposes that reflect upon challenging and complex issues (ACELY1756)
  • Identify and explore the purposes and effects of different text structures and language features of spoken texts, and use this knowledge to create purposeful texts that inform, persuade and engage (ACELY1750)
  • Plan, rehearse and deliver presentations, selecting and sequencing appropriate content and multimodal elements to influence a course of action (ACELY1751)

Syllabus OutcomesEN5-2A, EN5-1A, EN5-3B

Topic: Solid waste, Clean Up Australia

Time required: 60+ mins

Resources required: Various props as required, computer with various editing software, recording device, poster materials.

Digital learning opportunities: Digital sharing capabilities, multimedia.

Homework and extension opportunities: Students have the opportunity to extend their campaign to incorporate economic and health implications of littering.

Keywords: Food, packaging, waste, litter.

Cool Australia’s curriculum team continually reviews and refines our resources to be in line with changes to the Australian Curriculum.


Schools Clean Up Day

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Teacher Worksheet

seal-the-loop-hero-4Teacher preparation

Overarching learning goal: Students will consider the social implications of why people litter. They will rethink the concept of why people litter by putting themselves in the mind of a litterbug and then develop an anti-litter campaign targeting a specific audience.

Teacher content information: To litter is to illegally dispose of waste, whether intentionally or by accident. In the past, it was legal to throw waste into the street.

This became a problem when people began living in close proximity as cities developed during the Industrial Revolution of the 1800s. Unsanitary disposal of waste encouraged the breeding of insects and rats that carried disease rapidly through the urban population. The government took action to remove rubbish from city streets to prevent the spread of disease.

Today, there are laws against littering in each State and Territory of Australia. The anti-litter laws not only protect us from the spread of disease, but also protect the envir

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Student Worksheet

Thought Starter: Did you know that there is a giant patch of rubbish twice the size of Texas, which floats in the middle of the ocean?

Think about some common litter items. Use the table below to discuss why and how people litter. What are the environmental impacts of littering?

Why people litter

How people litter

Environmental Impacts





There are many types of litterbugs in the world. A study was completed by the Beverage Industry Environment Council, which gave names to these litterbugs. Read about some of them below.


How to spot a litterbug

Foul Shooting Litterbug

Litter is thrown at a bin, it misses the bin and the person walks away

Clean Sweeping Litterbug

On arriving at a table where others have littered, waste is swept onto the ground.

Flagrant Flinging Litterbug

Litter is flung through the air or dropped without any apparent concern

90% Litter

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