Activity Introduction

Subjects: Entrepreneurship, HASS (Economics and Business). 

Year levels: 5 and 6. 

Topics: Enterprise learning.

Teaching time: 60 minutes.

Quick summary: 

Lesson one of five. Students compare similar scenarios to distinguish between wants and needs. Using this, they will explore the relationship between things we need in life and social issues before examining the different types of enterprise operations that exist and how they do or do not address social issues, using examples from Australia and afar. 

Learning intentions: 

  • Students will be able to understand the difference between wants and needs
  • Students will be able to define what social issues are
  • Students will distinguish between a business, charity and social enterprise.

21st century skills: 

Critical ThinkingEntrepreneurshipEthical Understanding  Empathy     

Australian Curriculum Mapping

This unit of lessons is intended to focus on many of the General Capabilities of the curriculum. There are many elements of the curriculum that can be overlaid into these lessons with minor modifications on the part of the teacher. For a full breakdown of the General Capabilities used and the curriculum links that can be drawn into each lesson, click here.

This lesson is part of the wider unit of work Creating a Social Enterprise.

Time required: 60 mins.

Level of teacher scaffolding: Medium — facilitate class discussion.

Resources required:

Keywords: entrepreneurship, social enterprise, social entrepreneur, social entrepreneurship, social issues, business, entrepreneurship education, Social Enterprise Schools, Social Enterprise Academy, social issues.

Cool Australia’s curriculum team continually reviews and refines our resources to be in line with changes to the Australian Curriculum.


Cool would like to thank Social Enterprise Academy for supporting the development of these lessons.


Teacher Worksheet

Teacher Preparation

Learning intentions: Students will...

  • ... be able to understand the difference between wants and needs
  • ... be able to define what social issues are
  • ... distinguish between a business, charity and social enterprise

Success criteria: Students can…

  • ... describe the difference between wants and needs and how these relate to social issues
  • ... identify social issues within their local community and broader society
  • ... use information to determine if an organisation is a business, charity, or social enterprise

Teacher content information: 

Some of the social issues shown in the lesson may hit close to home for some students. Read ahead and consider removing these where you know a student may be affected by the situation described. 

This unit of five lessons is based on a larger project within the Social Enterprise Schools program provided by Social Enterprise Academy. In the full program, the SEA team would normally run an incursion to unpack and

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