Activity Introduction

Quick summary: In this activity children are asked to investigate what different features different animals have and why they have these features. Younger children are asked to look at different animals and the sounds they make, where they live and what features they have. Older children are asked to identify a range of different animal features – such as paws, whiskers and feathers – and are asked to compare the features of animals with the features of people. Children are then asked to imagine which animal features would be most useful for humans and why.

EYLF Learning Outcome


Outcome 2: Children are connected with and contribute to their world

3. Children become socially responsible and show respect for the environment

Outcome 4: Children are involved and confident learners

1. Children develop dispositions for learning such as curiosity, cooperation, confidence, creativity, commitment, enthusiasm, persistence, imagination and reflexivity

2. Children develop a range of skills and processes such as problem solving, enquiry, experimentation, hypothesising, researching and investigating

3. Children transfer and adapt what they have learned from one context to another


Equipment needed: A range of animal toys or images (try to choose animals with relatively different features and ensure you have one for each child). Animal ears template. Build a bug house instruction sheet. Build a nesting box guides: How to make a nesting boxNesting box construction guide and Nesting box size guide.

Other resources:

Cool Australia Presents Biodiversity from Cool Australia on Vimeo.


The team at Cool Australia continually reviews and refines our Early Learning resources in line with expert advice and current educational practices.


Teacher Worksheet

Background information:

Although nobody really knows for sure, it is estimated that there are around 8.7 million species of animal on Earth. 6.5 million of those are on the land and around 2.2 million live in the sea. As for the total number of animals living on the Earth…well that would be countless billions! There are simply too many to count.

The reason there are so many animals is that animals have evolved to inhabit almost every different natural environment available on Earth (with the exception of places like erupting volcanoes). Animals have developed adaptations that allow them to live in all sorts of strange and difficult environments. These adaptations have evolved over thousands of years and have usually occurred alongside other animals, meaning that these animals have formed relationships that are critical to their survival. Furthermore, many animals have evolved alongside plant species and the climate, meaning that their survival is also dependent upon all the factors i

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