Activity Introduction

Earth-Hour-sheep-farm-heroQuick summary: Students will create a diagram similar to the familiar ‘water cycle’ diagrams used in geographical studies. The diagram will illustrate the drought to flood to drought pattern that is exacerbated by climate change. This lesson meets selected Australian Curriculum outcomes for Years 5 and 6 in the subjects of Science and Geography.

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This lesson has been created in partnership with WWF-Australia. Earth Hour is the world’s largest community-driven climate change campaign. At the centre of Earth Hour is switching off lights to show a commitment to taking action. Thousands of teachers use Earth Hour’s education program to enrich their curriculum and provide pathways for young people to create change in their world.

Join the program and take part in Earth Hour Schools Day on Friday the 23rd March 2018. You can also involve family and friends in Earth Hour on Saturday 24th March 2018 8:30-9:30pm.

Learning goals:

  • Students will become familiar with the drought and flood cycle facing many Australian food growers.
  • Students will use their pre-existing knowledge and skills to diagrammatically represent a climatic cycle.
  • Students will use their oral skills to present their own ideas to their peers.

General capabilities: Literacy, Critical and creative thinking,

Cross curriculum priority: Sustainability OI.1, OI.2.

Australian Curriculum content descriptions:

Year 5 HASS (Geography)

  • The environmental and human influences on the location and characteristics of a place and the management of spaces within them (ACHASSK113)
  • The influence of people, including Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Peoples, on the environmental characteristics of Australian places (ACHASSK112) (Extension activity)
  • Organise and represent data in a range of formats including tables, graphs and large- and small-scale maps, using discipline-appropriate conventions (ACHASSI096)
  • Evaluate evidence to draw conclusions (ACHASSI101)
  • Present ideas, findings, viewpoints and conclusions in a range of texts and modes that incorporate source materials, digital and non-digital representations and discipline-specific terms and conventions (ACHASSI105)

 Year 5 Science

  • Communicate ideas, explanations and processes in a variety of ways, including multi-modal texts (ACSIS093)

Year 6 HASS (Geography)

  • Organise and represent data in a range of formats including tables, graphs and large- and small-scale maps, using discipline- appropriate conventions (ACHASSI096)
  • Evaluate evidence to draw conclusions (ACHASSI101)
  • Present ideas, findings, viewpoints and conclusions in a range of texts and modes that incorporate source materials, digital and non-digital representations and discipline-specific terms and conventions (ACHASSI133)

Year 6 Science

  • The growth and survival of living things are affected by the physical conditions of their environment (ACSSU094)
  • Sudden geological changes or extreme weather conditions can affect Earth’s surface (ACSSU096)
  • Communicate ideas, explanations and processes in a variety of ways, including multi-modal texts (ACSIS110)

Syllabus OutcomesGE3-2, GE3-3, GE3-4ST3-4WS, ST3-11LW, ST3-9ES.

Time needed: 60 minutes.

Resources required: For this lesson teachers will need to make copies of the Student Worksheet, The Drought and Flood Cycle. A3 paper will be needed, one sheet per student. Students should come equipped with coloured pens, pencils, textas, scissors and glue to use.

Key words: Climate change, Earth Hour, impacts, future.

Cool Australia’s curriculum team continually reviews and refines our resources to be in line with changes to the Australian Curriculum.

Worksheets

Teacher Worksheet

Earth-Hour-river-heroTeacher preparation

Teacher content information: Earth Hour is a WWF-Australia initiative, and is the world’s largest community-driven climate change campaign. At the centre of Earth Hour is switching off lights to show a commitment to taking action. Thousands of teachers use Earth Hour’s education program to enrich their curriculum and provide pathways for young people to create change in their world.

Download the Earth Hour starter kit for your school: Earth Hour for Schools

Earth Hour Australia's Egg-cellent Launch Video (http://youtu.be/IBs2dnDj8Og)

Teaching sequence

15 minutes – Preliminary activity and explanation of task
45 minutes – Diagramming task (Student Worksheet)

Work through this resource material in the following sequence:

1. Preliminary activity – discuss Earth Hour and how students can get involved. Read out the following introduction.

 Earth Hour belongs to you. Celebrate your commitment to the planet with your friends, family, community or at work - in y

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Student Worksheet

Earth-Hour-drought-dam-2-heroThought starter: Cucumbers are mostly made of water, so they need a lot to grow. If the weather gets drier, we may not be able to grow cucumbers in many places that they grow now. If the weather gets too hot, cucumbers make more male flowers and not enough female flowers, and this reduces the crop.

Read the following resource material before attempting to complete the activity.

Australian agriculture generates around $155 billion dollars per year from farms that cover about 60% of Australia’s surface. Fresh water for irrigation is vital in farming. Some researchers have predicted that climate change will cause less rain to fall in many regions of Australia in the coming years.

As the planet warms, higher air temperatures remove more moisture from the Earth’s surface. Our reserves of fertile topsoil begin to harden, leaving them vulnerable to weathering and erosion from wind and water. When rain falls only infrequently, the ground can become so hard on top that a sudden downpour lead

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