Activity Introduction

Subjects: English.

Year Level: Years 3 & 4. 

Topics: Editing, information text, facts, science, biology, habitats, categories, paragraphs, echidnas, platypus, writing. 

Teaching Time: 50 minutes

Quick summary: This lesson strongly scaffolds students through the process of editing an information text by categorising discreet facts into more coherent sections and paragraphs. Students also learn about echidnas and platypuses.

21st-century skills: 

CommunicatingCritical ThinkingProblem FindingProblem Solving

Australian Curriculum Mapping

Content descriptions: 

Year 3 English:

  • Understand that paragraphs are a key organisational feature of written texts (ACELA1479)
  • Re-read and edit texts for meaning, appropriate structure, grammatical choices and punctuation (ACELY1683)

Year 4 English:

  • Understand how texts are made cohesive through the use of linking devices including pronoun reference and text connectives (ACELA1491)
  • Re-read and edit for meaning by adding, deleting or moving words or word groups to improve content and structure (ACELY1695)

Syllabus outcomes: EN2-9B, EN2-2A

General capabilities: Literacy, Critical and Creative Thinking

Relevant parts of Year 3 English achievement standards: Students understand how content can be organised using different text structures depending on the purpose of the text. They re-read and edit their writing, checking their work for appropriate vocabulary, structure and meaning.

Relevant parts of Year 4 English achievement standards: Students understand that texts have different text structures depending on purpose and context. They demonstrate understanding of grammar, select vocabulary from a range of resources and use accurate spelling and punctuation, re-reading and editing their work to improve meaning.

Topic: English Skills.

Level of teacher scaffolding: High – 

Resources required:

Cool Australia’s curriculum team continually reviews and refines our resources to be in line with changes to the Australian Curriculum.


Teacher Worksheet

Teacher Preparation

Learning intentions: Students will...

  • ... edit texts for meaning by moving information to improve structure

Success criteria: Students can…

  • ... categorise facts according to the type of information they communicate
  • ... use paragraphs and sub-headings in their writing

Teaching Sequence

Work through this resource material in the following sequence:

10 minutes – Part A: Activating Prior Knowledge - What do students already know about echidnas? How can we categorise this information?
10 minutes – Part B: Read and Reflect - Read the text about echidnas. Discuss how poorly the information is arranged, as a jumble of facts, and how it can be edited to be better.
25 minutes – Part C: Editing (Independent Work) - Students re-write the text to be more coherent, using their editing skills.
5 minutes – Part D: Reflection 

Part A: Activating Prior Knowledge

Step 1. Begin by asking students what they already know about echidnas.

As students offer up fac

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