Activity Introduction

Quick summary: What do elastic bands, straws and balls of Blu-Tack have to do with how our body moves? This lesson looks into the machinery of the body, using artistic methods to give a visual insight into the hidden workings of how muscles and joints move and act under different conditions. Students will see what a torn hamstring actually looks like below the skin; the processes that actually go into moving their leg to kick a football; and why a knee moving sideways rather than forward and back can lead to a serious injury.

The health and fitness-related tasks undertaken throughout the Volkswagen Footy Fit Challenge lessons are gamified, providing incentivised learning opportunities and allowing for some personalisation. Therefore, we recommend students complete the full Volkswagen Footy Fit Challenge unit to benefit from the full experience, completing this lesson first.

The Volkswagen Footy Fit Challenge is a unit of work designed in collaboration with the Sydney Swans to promote health and wellbeing amongst students in years 3 to 6. It is designed to align with, and provide further depth to, the in-schools Volkswagen Footy Fit program for years 2 to 6.

Learning intentions:

  • Students understand the roles and limitations of muscles and joints in the movement of the human body
  • Students understand how the muscles can change state with stretching and the effect this can have on injuries
  • Students understand how the push/pull dynamic of muscles works to move our bones.

21st century skills: 

CommunicatingCreative ThinkingCritical ThinkingDigital LiteracyProblem SolvingTeam Work 

Australian Curriculum Mapping

Content descriptions: 

Year 3 & 4 HPE

  • Practise and refine fundamental movement skills in a variety of movement sequences and situations (ACPMP043)

Year 5 & 6 HPE

  • Practise specialised movement skills and apply them in a variety of movement sequences and situations (ACPMP061)
  • Manipulate and modify elements of effort, space, time, objects and people to perform movement sequences (ACPMP065)

Syllabus outcomes: MOS2.4, MOS3.4, GSS2.8, GSS3.8, GYS2.10, GYS3.10

General capabilities: Information and Communication Technology (ICT) Capability, Critical and Creative Thinking, Personal and Social Capability

Relevant parts of Years 3 & 4 achievement standards: 

By the end of Year 4, students can refine fundamental movement skills and apply movement concepts and strategies in a variety of physical activities and to solve movement challenges. They create and perform movement sequences using fundamental movement skills and the elements of movement.

Relevant parts of Years 5 & 6 achievement standards: 

By the end of Year 6, students perform specialised movement skills and sequences and propose and combine movement concepts and strategies to achieve movement outcomes and solve movement challenges. They apply the elements of movement when composing and performing movement sequences.

Topic: Health & Wellbeing

This lesson is part of the wider unit of work Volkswagen Footy Fit Challenge – HPE – Years 3-6

Time required: 80 mins.

Level of teacher scaffolding: Low – teacher may need to facilitate some games and conduct demonstrations, but students mostly work independently.

Resources required:

Keywords: muscles, bones, tendons, ligaments, stretching, Sydney Swans, AFL, footy, fitness, Volkswagen, Footy Fit.

Cool Australia’s curriculum team continually reviews and refines our resources to be in line with changes to the Australian Curriculum.


Teacher Worksheet

Teacher Preparation

Learning intentions: Students understand...

  • … the role and limitations of muscles and joints in the movement of the human body
  • … how the muscles can change state with stretching, and the effect this can have on injuries
  • … how the push/pull dynamic of muscles works to move our bones.

Success criteria: Students can…

  • … identify the location of muscles and joints around the body
  • … identify the push/pull dynamic in two different muscle pairs (bicep/tricep and quadricep/hamstring)
  • … demonstrate how muscle injuries can occur
  • … identify the movement of different joints around the body
  • … demonstrate and explain their understanding using artistic methods of presentation.

Teacher content information:

Volkswagen Footy Fit
Volkswagen Footy Fit is an evolution of the Volkswagen Swansfit program, which was established in 2017 and reached over 17,000 students across NSW.

Volkswagen Footy Fit is a school fitness program targeting primary school stu

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Student Worksheet

Footy Fit - The Mechanical Body

1. Watch this video:

Preventing Injury (

Note down the things that you SEE, THINK and WONDER when you watch the video:

I SEE... This makes me THINK... I WONDER...


What are three actions you can take to keep your muscles and joints free from injury and working in a healthy way, either right before playing sport or just during a regular day?

  1. .

  2. .
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