Activity Introduction

Quick summary: Students will learn about the variations in our country’s climate and how this can cause natural hazards. Students will compare Australia’s climates as well as track climates on a map.

Subjects: Geography. 

Year Level: 3.

Teaching Time: 60 minutes

This lesson is part of the wider unit of work Resilient Australia: Building Resilience To Natural Disasters – Primary.

Related Professional Development: We encourage you to undertake the free PD Course How to teach a unit on fire and flood resilience for tips on how to best deliver this lesson.

If you’re concerned about the challenging nature of these topics, consider the free PD Course How to approach trauma in the classroom for information on how best to support your students.

21st-century skills: 

CommunicatingCommunity EngagementCreative ThinkingCritical ThinkingCultural UnderstandingEmpathyFlexibilityGlobal CitizenshipTeam Work  

Australian Curriculum Mapping

Content descriptions: 

Year 3 HASS Geography

  • The main climate types of the world and the similarities and differences between the climates of different places (ACHASSK068)

Relevant parts of Year 3 HASS Geography achievement standards: Students compare the climates, settlement patterns and population characteristics of places, and how these affect communities, past and present. Students examine how individuals and groups celebrate and contribute to communities in the past and present, through establishing and following rules, decision-making, participation and commemoration.

Syllabus outcomes: GE2-1

General capabilities: Critical and Creative Thinking, Intercultural Understanding.

Cross-curriculum priority: Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Histories and Cultures (only for the extension of learning), Sustainability

Level of teacher scaffolding: Medium – facilitate class discussion, support students in independent work.

Resources required:

  • Art Supplies – colured pencils and textas
  • Device capable of presenting a video to the class
  • Individual devices with access to the internet (optional)
  • Maps – PowerPoint
  • White paper

Keywords: Australia, climate, flood, bushfire, drought, geography, mapping, prepared, communities, climate change, climate zones, global warming.

Cool Australia’s curriculum team continually reviews and refines our resources to be in line with changes to the Australian Curriculum.


Teacher Worksheet

Teacher Preparation

Learning intentions: Students will...

  • … learn about the features of Australia’s diverse climates.
  • … learn about the effects of climate change on Australia’s landscape. 
  • … learn about the natural hazards caused by Australian conditions.

Success criteria: Students can…

  • … describe Australian climates and the consequential natural hazards they create.
  • … apply their understanding of climates to a map of their local area.

Teacher content information:

Handling Sensitive Topics:

While presenting the lesson, you may notice that students could develop heightened emotions as you uncover the physical and psychological effects of hazards and disasters. Resilience, rebuilding and hope are essential learnings from the lessons. Therefore, it is vital to create a psychologically safe place for students to discuss and debrief, should they need to. The tasks can be activating for some students and could trigger old memories that some students may find challe

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