Activity Introduction

Quick summary:

The sugar army can be too much for the Royal Teeth to handle, And after a while the damage can be quite substantial.

They help the bacteria in their great attack, And the Royal teeth begin to break down as they are covered in sticky plaque.

The bacteria’s first point of attack will always be your teeth and gums, And if not protected overtime, your teeth will have to succumb.

In this lesson, young students explore the function of different teeth. They then consider the harmful impact of sugar on teeth, and practice their brushing technique using a cardboard model.

Learning Intentions

Students will…

  • … understand the role of teeth.
  • understand what can happen to their teeth if they do not protect them.
  • … understand how to look after their teeth.

Lesson & Curriculum Details

  • Topic: Oral Health.
  • This lesson is part of the wider unit of work SugarByHalf – Guardians of the Gums – Early Learning to Year 2.
  • Time required: 45 mins.
  • Level of teacher scaffolding: Medium – facilitate class discussion movement activity, read the story, support students working independently.
  • Keywords: teeth, brushing, toothpaste, oral health, dental hygiene, habits, gums, storytelling.

To view our Australian Curriculum alignment click here.

Cool Australia’s curriculum team continually reviews and refines our resources to be in line with changes to the Australian Curriculum.

Resources Required

  • Device capable of presenting a video to the class.
  • Egg cartons – one ‘row’ per students.
  • Guardians of the Gums story – You can read the pdf yourself or watch the video.
  • Toothbrush – one per student.
  • White paint.

These lessons were developed in partnership with SugarByHalf and the Australian Dental Association. Guardians of the Gums was written by Bee Healthy Stories; if you would like to see more of their stories, head to


Teacher Worksheet

Teacher Preparation

Learning intentions: Students will...

  • ... understand the role of teeth.
  • ... understand what can happen to their teeth if they do not protect them.
  • ... understand how to look after their teeth.

Success criteria: Students can…

  • ... name three different types of teeth.
  • ... compare and contrast the different look and feel of their teeth.
  • ... describe the function of the different types of teeth by associating them with different animals.
  • ... describe the impact of sugar on teeth.
  • ... demonstrate how to brush their teeth effectively, using a model.

Teacher content information:

The Australian Dental Association ( have partnered with SugarByHalf ( to promote action on sugar related diseases so that Australians live better, stronger and healthier lives.

Tooth decay is a largely preventable disease. Untreated tooth decay can lead to lost hours of work for parents and missed school for children. It can cause pain,

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