Activity Introduction

Quick summary: In this lesson, students will be investigating how high sugar diets have impacted various populations and countries. The class will interpret charts that show the prevalence of type 2 diabetes in Australia and New Zealand, and create a fictional short story imagining a future where the current increase in type 2 diabetes diagnoses is reversed.

Learning intentions:

  • Students can interpret information from graphs
  • Students will understand why type 2 diabetes is increasing globally
  • Students can identify actions that promote health.

21st-century skills: 

  Communicating Creative ThinkingEmpathy Global Citizenship Problem Solving

Australian Curriculum Mapping

Content descriptions: 

Year 5 and 6 HPE

  • Investigate the role of preventive health in promoting and maintaining health, safety and wellbeing for individuals and their communities (ACPPS058)

Year 5 Mathematics

  • Describe and interpret different data sets in context (ACMSP120)

Year 6 Mathematics

  • Interpret secondary data presented in digital media and elsewhere (ACMSP148)

Year 5 English

  • Plan, draft and publish imaginative, informative and persuasive print and multimodal texts, choosing text structures, language features, images and sound appropriate to purpose and audience (ACELY1704)

Year 6 English

  • Plan, draft and publish imaginative, informative and persuasive texts, choosing and experimenting with text structures, language features, images and digital resources appropriate to purpose and audience (ACELY1714)

Syllabus outcomes: SLS3.13, EN3-2A, MA3-18SP, MA3‑1WM, MA3‑3WM,

General capabilities: Literacy, Numeracy, Ethical Understanding

Relevant parts of Year 5 & 6 HPE achievement standards: 

By the end of Year 6, students demonstrate fair play and skills to work collaboratively. They access and interpret health information and apply decision-making and problem-solving skills to enhance their own and others’ health, safety, and wellbeing. 

Relevant parts of Year 5 & 6 English achievement standards:

Receptive modes (listening, reading and viewing)
By the end of Year 6, students understand how the use of text structures can achieve particular effects. They analyse and explain how language features, images and vocabulary are used by different authors to represent ideas, characters and events.

Students compare and analyse information in different and complex texts, explaining literal and implied meaning. They select and use evidence from a text to explain their response to it. They listen to discussions, clarifying content and challenging others’ ideas.

Productive modes (speaking, writing and creating)
Students understand how language features and language patterns can be used for emphasis. They show how specific details can be used to support a point of view. They explain how their choices of language features and images are used.

Students create detailed texts elaborating on key ideas for a range of purposes and audiences. They make presentations and contribute actively to class and group discussions, using a variety of strategies for effect. They demonstrate an understanding of grammar, and make considered vocabulary choices to enhance cohesion and structure in their writing. They use accurate spelling and punctuation for clarity and make and explain editorial choices based on criteria.

Relevant parts of Year 5 & 6 Mathematics achievement standards: 

By the end of Year 6, students recognise the properties of prime, composite, square and triangular numbers. They describe the use of integers in everyday contexts. They solve problems involving all four operations with whole numbers. Students connect fractions, decimals and percentages as different representations of the same number. They solve problems involving the addition and subtraction of related fractions. Students make connections between the powers of 10 and the multiplication and division of decimals. They describe rules used in sequences involving whole numbers, fractions and decimals. Students connect decimal representations to the metric system and choose appropriate units of measurement to perform a calculation. They make connections between capacity and volume. They solve problems involving length and area. They interpret timetables. Students describe combinations of transformations. They solve problems using the properties of angles. Students compare observed and expected frequencies. They interpret and compare a variety of data displays including those displays for two categorical variables. They interpret secondary data displayed in the media.

Students locate fractions and integers on a number line. They calculate a simple fraction of a quantity. They add, subtract and multiply decimals and divide decimals where the result is rational. Students calculate common percentage discounts on sale items. They write correct number sentences using brackets and order of operations. Students locate an ordered pair in any one of the four quadrants on the Cartesian plane. They construct simple prisms and pyramids. Students describe probabilities using simple fractions, decimals and percentages.

Topic: Sugar By Half 

This lesson is part of the wider unit of work Sugar By Half.

Time required: 60 mins.

Level of teacher scaffolding: Medium – Facilitate class discussion and provide guidance during the activity.

Resources required:

  • A device capable of presenting video and webpage to the class
  • Copies of the graph (provided in the Teacher Worksheet)
  • Resources for creating a short story eg, paper, workbook, or word processing software
  • Student Worksheets – one copy per student.

Keywords: epidemic, diabetes, dialysis, sedentary

Cool Australia’s curriculum team continually reviews and refines our resources to be in line with changes to the Australian Curriculum.


Teacher Worksheet

Teacher Preparation

Learning intentions: Students will...

  • ...interpret information from graphs
  • ...understand why type 2 diabetes is increasing globally
  • ...identify actions that promote health.

Success criteria: Students can…

  • ...explain the causes of type 2 diabetes
  • ...discuss reasons why type 2 diabetes affects various populations.

Teacher preparation:
Before conducting each lesson ensure you have read through the Filter Your Future Powerpoint presentation to facilitate teacher and student learning about how sugar affects health and a vital organ —  the kidneys. Read and print the Filter Your Future Education Project Poster and refer to the facts throughout the lesson/s.

Teacher content information:
Young people’s exposure and experiences with health and nutrition have changed due to ongoing research about the long-term effects of a high sugar diet. It is important to remind students, parents, and teachers that the literature and data available about health

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Student Worksheet

Thought-starter: “You cannot change your future. But you can change your habits. And surely your habits will change your future.” – A.P.J. Abdul Kalam.


Note down what you SEE, THINK and WONDER when you watch Qatar: Sweet Epidemic video.


2. Narrative planning template:

Narrative Template










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