Activity Introduction

Quick summary: Retired AFL star Adam Goodes is known to many for his resilient journey in the face of detrimental treatment by AFL spectators and the media beginning in 2013.

In this lesson, students move from activating their existing understanding of power to gaining a deeper and more nuanced understanding of what power can look, sound and feel like. Students access written and audiovisual resources to build their knowledge and support their analysis. Then students analyse how different individuals project power. Students develop their own criteria to determine who is the more powerful of two prominent Australian figures.

Using only archival footage aired at the time, The Final Quarter holds a mirror to Australia and is an opportunity to reconsider what happened on and off the football field. Learn more about the film here.

We highly recommend that students view the film in its entirety before participating in subsequent lessons. Our Watching the Film lessons are designed to support you in facilitating this process. Given the content, it is also important for teachers to communicate with parents and guardians of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander students before playing the film and/or engaging with the teaching and learning resources. 

Note: This film may not be suitable for viewing by all young people. Teachers are advised to use their discretion when deciding whether to show this film. If teaching in a context with a high proportion of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander children, it is imperative that guidance is sought from the Principal and Aboriginal Education Officer (or equivalent) prior to screening the film.

Learning intentions:

  • Students understand different types of power.
  • Students understand sources of and barriers to power for individuals.
  • Students understand how speakers construct themselves, or are constructed, as powerful.
  • Students understand how powerful individuals are.

21st century skills: 

EmpathyEthical UnderstandingGlobal CitizenshipLeadershipInitiativeSocial Skills

Australian Curriculum Mapping

Content descriptions: 

Year 9 English:

  • Explore and reflect on personal understanding of the world and significant human experience gained from interpreting various representations of life matters in texts (ACELT1635)

Syllabus outcomes: EN5-7D

General capabilities: Literacy, Personal and Social Capability, Ethical Understanding

Cross-curriculum priority: Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Histories and Cultures (OI.6, OI,9)

Relevant parts of Year 9 achievement standards: They evaluate and integrate ideas and information from texts to form their own interpretations. They select evidence from texts to analyse and explain how language choices and conventions are used to influence an audience. They listen for ways texts position an audience.

Topic: Learning Through Film, Social Issues, Indigenous Education

This lesson is part of the wider unit of work: The Final Quarter – Mechanisms Of Power – English – Year 9

Time required: 80 mins.

Level of teacher scaffolding: Medium – facilitate class discussion.

Resources required:

Keywords: comparison, research, audiovisual, analysis, power, The Final Quarter, documentary, Adam Goodes, Andrew Bolt, powerful, people, celebrities, influence.

Cool Australia’s curriculum team continually reviews and refines our resources to be in line with changes to the Australian Curriculum.


Teacher Worksheet

Teacher Preparation

Learning intentions: Students understand...

  • ... different types of power.
  • ... sources of and barriers to power for individuals.
  • ... how speakers construct themselves, or are constructed, as powerful.
  • ... how powerful individuals are.

Success criteria: Students can…

  • … identify different types of power and examples of these.
  • … explain how differing signs or symbols convey power or a lack of power.
  • … compare and contrast the power of differing individuals.

Teacher content information:

This lesson will be centred around the acclaimed 2019 documentary, The Final Quarter. This film explores the detrimental treatment of AFL star Adam Goodes and the media and community responses. An Aboriginal player, and number 37 for the Sydney Swans, Adam Goodes was singled out for verbal abuse, booing and jeering by spectators from a range of clubs during the last three years of his career in 2013 - 2015, until he retired from the game. 

Because he was one

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Student Worksheet

Thought starter: “Gosh, world domination is easier than I thought… Basically I just type stuff at a keyboard in my study with an imprudent lack of concern for the consequences …” ~ Andrew Bolt

Feel the Power

Complete the Y chart with a partner, thinking about the concept of ‘being powerful’.

1. What does ‘being powerful’ feel, sound and look like?

2. Write your own definition of ‘powerful’:

3. Watch this video:

How to Understand Power (

The six types of power are:


The three laws of power are:


4. Search through the Forbes’ World’s Most Powerful People list and choose three people to read about.

What are some of the things you noticed about the powerful people you looked at?


What criteria for ‘powerful’ do you think Forbes has used?

What sources of power do the people included have access to?

What barriers to their power m

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