Activity Introduction

Quick summary: Retired AFL star Adam Goodes is known to many for his resilient journey in the face of detrimental treatment by AFL spectators and the media beginning in 2013.

In this lesson students will consider how the form of archival documentary can be applied to an issue of their choice. They will research for archival footage to effectively communicate a message for their chosen audience. Students will work on segments of the documentary individually, bringing them together to create a group project. The production work in this lesson assists students to experience some of the production activities undertaken by Shark Island Productions personnel in their quest to create an innovative film like The Final Quarter.

Using only archival footage aired at the time, The Final Quarter holds a mirror to Australia and is an opportunity to reconsider what happened on and off the football field. Learn more about the film here.

We highly recommend that students view the film in its entirety before participating in subsequent lessons. Our Watching the Film lessons are designed to support you in facilitating this process. Given the content, it is also important for teachers to communicate with parents and guardians of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander students before playing the film and/or engaging with the teaching and learning resources. 

Note: This film may not be suitable for viewing by all young people. Teachers are advised to use their discretion when deciding whether to show this film. If teaching in a context with a high proportion of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander children, it is imperative that guidance is sought from the Principal and Aboriginal Education Officer (or equivalent) prior to screening the film.

Learning intentions:

  • Students understand the process of selection and omission to construct meaning for an audience in an archival documentary.
  • Students understand the scope of the production work completed by Shark Island Productions when they produced The Final Quarter.
  • Students develop their editing and media production skills.

21st century skills: 

CommunicatingCreative ThinkingCritical ThinkingDigital LiteracyGlobal CitizenshipProblem FindingProblem SolvingTeam Work

Australian Curriculum Mapping

Content descriptions: 

Years 9 & 10 Media Arts:

  • Experiment with ideas and stories that manipulate media conventions and genres to construct new and alternative points of view through images, sounds and text (ACAMAM073)

  • Develop and refine media production skills to integrate and shape the technical and symbolic elements in images, sounds and text for a specific purpose, meaning and style (ACAMAM075)

  • Produce and distribute media artworks for a range of community and institutional contexts and consider social, ethical and regulatory issues (ACAMAM077)

Syllabus outcomes: PDM5.2, PDM5.4, PDF5.5, PDM 5.6

General capabilities: Critical and Creative Thinking, Literacy, Information and Communication Technology (ICT) Capability, Personal and Social Capability

Relevant parts of Years 9 & 10 achievement standards: Students produce representations that communicate alternative points of view in media artworks for different community and institutional contexts. They manipulate genre and media conventions and integrate and shape the technical and symbolic elements for specific purposes, meaning and style. They collaboratively apply design, production and distribution processes.

Topic: Learning Through Film, Social Issues, Creative Thinking

This lesson is part of the wider unit of work: The Final Quarter – Assembling Archival Footage – Media Arts – Years 9 & 10

Time required: 100 mins.

Level of teacher scaffolding: Medium – teachers will support groups to produce their archival documentary.

Resources required:

  • Archival Storyboard Worksheet – several copies per student (optional)
  • Blank A3 paper for brainstorming by students
  • Device with internet capability
  • Editing software available to all students
  • Filing cards (optional)
  • Student Worksheet – one copy per student.

Keywords: film, documentary, media, The Final Quarter, archival, footage, conventions, Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander, AFL, footy, football, editing, copyright, message, research, cutting, production, post-production, produce, direct, sound design. 

Cool Australia’s curriculum team continually reviews and refines our resources to be in line with changes to the Australian Curriculum.


Teacher Worksheet

Teacher Preparation

Learning intentions: Students...

  • ... understand the process of selection and omission to construct meaning for an audience in an archival documentary.
  • ... understand the scope of the production work completed by Shark Island Productions when they produced The Final Quarter.
  • … develop their editing and media production skills.

Success criteria: Students can…

  • … contribute a planned storyboard for one part of the group documentary.
  • ... work with their group to achieve an overview of the project.
  • ... produce and edit their 1-minute section of the documentary.
  • ... cooperate within their group and make a dedicated contribution that assists the group to create an excellent archival documentary.
  • ... research archival footage to effectively manipulate a message for their chosen audience.

Teacher content information:

This lesson will be centred around the acclaimed 2019 documentary, The Final Quarter. This film explores the detrimental treatment

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Student Worksheet

Thought starter: “As the documentary rolled, the emotion in me started to rise up. It was like a punch to the face.” ~ Des Headland in reference to THE FINAL QUARTER, The Age

Resource and footage review

1. Answer the following questions based on your homework task:

How did you find your homework task? Were you able to find suitable resources on your group’s chosen topic?



What resources did you find most useful?



What challenges did you encounter?



What questions do you have about finding archival footage?



What skills can you bring to your group project today?


The Final Quarter Storyboard

2. Check out this image of Ian Darling and Sally Fryer with their wall-based storyboard for The Final Quarter:

3. Watch this video of Ian Darling and Sally Fryer discussing their storyboard:

TFQ_On Storyboards (

Archival Documentary Structure

There should be four main sections of your archival documentary:

  • IN
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