Activity Introduction

Quick summary: Retired AFL star Adam Goodes is known to many for his resilient journey in the face of detrimental treatment by AFL spectators and the media beginning in 2013.

In this lesson, students become more media-literate through critically responding to the diversity of points of view in the media. With a focus on one key scenario, students use visual, verbal and written strategies to understand how different facts can be responded to with a range of perspectives. Students identify key points of view within several texts, and then learn to visualise the connections and relationships between points of view and opinions through the use of dialogue mapping. This provides students with a useful skill that they can apply in other contexts where they are discussing contentious issues. Finally, students apply their learning to their own lives, reflecting on media-literate ways to form opinions about current events.

Using only archival footage aired at the time, The Final Quarter holds a mirror to Australia and is an opportunity to reconsider what happened on and off the football field. Learn more about the film here.

We highly recommend that students view the film in its entirety before participating in subsequent lessons. Our Watching the Film lessons are designed to support you in facilitating this process. Given the content, it is also important for teachers to communicate with parents and guardians of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander students before playing the film and/or engaging with the teaching and learning resources. 

Note: This film may not be suitable for viewing by all young people. Teachers are advised to use their discretion when deciding whether to show this film. If teaching in a context with a high proportion of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander children, it is imperative that guidance is sought from the Principal and Aboriginal Education Officer (or equivalent) prior to screening the film.

Learning intentions:

  • Students understand the role of the media in reporting fact, but also in presenting points of view.
  • Students understand why different people have different opinions.
  • Students reflect on their own opinions and how they differ from/relate to others’ opinions.

21st century skills: 

CommunicatingCritical ThinkingCultural UnderstandingEmpathyFlexibilityProblem FindingTeam Work

Australian Curriculum Mapping

Content descriptions: 

Year 7 English:

  • Identify and explore ideas and viewpoints about events, issues and characters represented in texts drawn from different historical, social and cultural contexts (ACELT1619)

Syllabus outcomes: EN4-8D

General capabilities: Literacy, Intercultural Understanding, Personal and Social Capability, Critical and Creative Thinking

Cross-curriculum priority: Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Histories and Cultures (OI.6, OI,9)

Relevant parts of Year 7 achievement standards: Students explain issues and ideas from a variety of sources, analysing supporting evidence and implied meaning. They select specific details from texts to develop their own response, recognising that texts reflect different viewpoints. They listen for and explain different perspectives in texts.

Topic: Learning Through Film, Social Issues, Indigenous Education

This lesson is part of the wider unit of work: The Final Quarter – Media Constructions – English – Year 7

Time required: 60 mins.

Level of teacher scaffolding: Medium – facilitate discussion and dialogue map.

Resources required:

  • Device capable of presenting a video to the class
  • Paper for dialogue map (preferably larger than A4)
  • Coloured pens or highlighters (four colours)
  • Student Worksheets – one copy per student.

Keywords: perspectives, point of view, media analysis, fact, opinion, language analysis, persuasive writing, media literacy, The Final Quarter, documentary, Adam Goodes. 

Cool Australia’s curriculum team continually reviews and refines our resources to be in line with changes to the Australian Curriculum.


Teacher Worksheet

Teacher Preparation

Learning intentions: Students understand…

  • … the role of the media in reporting fact, but also in presenting points of view.
  • … why different people have different opinions.
  • … how they develop their own opinions and how they differ from/relate to others’ opinions.

Success criteria: Students can…

  • … describe the language features of facts vs opinions.
  • … identify differing perspectives stated within a text and make connections between differing responses.
  • … reflect on strategies to seek out and make informed opinions about contentious issues.

Teacher content information:

This lesson will be centred around the acclaimed 2019 documentary, The Final Quarter. This film explores the detrimental treatment of AFL star Adam Goodes and the media and community responses. An Aboriginal player, and number 37 for the Sydney Swans, Adam Goodes was singled out for verbal abuse, booing and jeering by spectators from a range of clubs during the last three years

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Student Worksheet

Thought starter: "Everything we hear is an opinion, not a fact. Everything we see is a perspective, not the truth." ~ Marcus Aurelius

Fact or Opinion
1. Tell me why: The canteen should or should not give you free food.

2. Write your definitions here:


Facts and opinions your peers shared:

Facts Opinions

3. Label these headlines with an ‘F’ for Fact and ‘O’ for opinion. If you believe a headline is part fact and part opinion, draw a line to each part. The headlines are:

“Adam Goodes’ dignity in face of racism a lesson to all” 

“Why this 13 year old child’s mistake is the wake up call the AFL needed” 

“Adam Goodes is a bad choice for Australian of the Year” 

“Why some fans are challenged by Goodes” 

4. What language features can help you to tell what is an opinion, and what is a fact?

Media Analysis

5. You will watch a series of clips from The Final Quarter. Write down any facts or opinions you hear in the tabl

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