Activity Introduction

Quick summary: Retired AFL star Adam Goodes is known to many for his resilient journey in the face of detrimental treatment by AFL spectators and the media beginning in 2013.

In this lesson, students explore the benefits of participation in sports and consider how the treatment of Adam Goodes restricted his participation and led to his retirement. Through further inquiry into the spectator and media actions and impacts, students consider the rules and boundaries that are broken when people engage in racist behaviour, especially when that behaviour goes unchallenged.

Students view excerpts from the acclaimed 2019 documentary The Final Quarter as a starting point to brainstorm health, safety, and wellbeing in the context of sport, school, and life. Students consider the impact of racist behaviour on wellbeing.

Using only archival footage aired at the time, The Final Quarter holds a mirror to Australia and is an opportunity to reconsider what happened on and off the football field. Learn more about the film here.

We highly recommend that students view the film in its entirety before participating in subsequent lessons.Our Watching the Film lessons are designed to support you in facilitating this process. Given the content, it is also important for teachers to communicate with parents and guardians of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander students before playing the film and/or engaging with the teaching and learning resources. 

Note: This film may not be suitable for viewing by all young people. Teachers are advised to use their discretion when deciding whether to show this film. If teaching in a context with a high proportion of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander children, it is imperative that guidance is sought from the Principal and Aboriginal Education Officer (or equivalent) prior to screening the film.

Learning Intentions:

  • Students understand the factors that contribute to community and individual health, safety and wellbeing
  • Students understand the effects of racism on individuals and groups in their community
  • Students understand how to establish and extend relationships of mutual trust and respect that are free from racism and that maintain the rights and dignity of all people

21st century skills:

Communicating Critical Thinking Cultural Understanding EmpathyEthical Understanding Social Skills

Australian Curriculum Mapping

Content descriptions:

Year 7 & 8 Health and Physical Education

  • Analyse factors that influence emotions, and develop strategies to demonstrate empathy and sensitivity (ACPPS075)
  • Evaluate health information and communicate their own and others’ health concerns (ACPPS076)
  • Investigate the benefits to individuals and communities of valuing diversity and promoting inclusivity (ACPPS079)

Syllabus outcomesPDHPE4.3, PDHPE4.8, PDHPE4.11, PDHPE4.13, PDHPE4.16

General capabilities: Critical and creative thinking, Personal and Social Capability, Literacy, Ethical Understanding, Intercultural Understanding

Cross-curriculum priorityAboriginal and Torres Strait Islander History and Cultures (OI.6, OI.9)

Relevant parts of Year 7 & 8 achievement standards:
Students evaluate the impact on wellbeing of relationships and valuing diversity. They analyse factors that influence emotional responses. They investigate strategies and practices that enhance their own, others’ and community health, safety and wellbeing.

Students apply personal and social skills to establish and maintain respectful relationships and promote safety, fair play and inclusivity. They demonstrate skills to make informed decisions and propose and implement actions that promote their own and others’ health, safety and wellbeing.

Topic: Learning Through Film, Social Issues, Indigenous Education

This lesson is part of the wider unit of work The Final Quarter – Racism and Responsibility – Years 7 & 8.

Time required: 80 mins.

Level of teacher scaffolding: High – facilitate class discussion with sensitivity to students’ feelings and experience (in relation to racial discrimination).

Resources required:

Keywords: health, safety, wellbeing, Indigenous, Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander, race, racism, bullying, resilience, cultural identity, sport, boundaries, Adam Goodes, The Final Quarter, documentary, AFL, media.

Cool Australia’s curriculum team continually reviews and refines our resources to be in line with changes to the Australian Curriculum.


Teacher Worksheet

Teacher preparation

Learning intentions: Students understand...

  • ... the factors that contribute to community and individual health, safety and wellbeing
  • ... the effects of racism on individuals and groups in their community
  • … how to establish and extend relationships of mutual trust and respect that are free of racism and that maintain the rights and dignity of all people.

Success criteria: Students can...

  • … identify factors that contribute to their individual health, safety and wellbeing and that of the community
  • ... identify links between racism and reduction in individual and community health, safety and wellbeing
  • ... link concepts of respect and dignity to fairness in sport.

Teacher content information:

This lesson will be centred around the acclaimed 2019 documentary The Final Quarter. This film explores the detrimental treatment of AFL star Adam Goodes and the media and community responses. An Aboriginal player, and number 37 for the Sydney Swans, Adam Goo

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Student Worksheet

Thought Starter: "My hope is that we as a nation can break down the silos between races, break down those stereotypes of minority populations, Indigenous populations and all other minority groups." ~ Adam Goodes 

1. Look up the following terms and write a definition for each:

Term Definition
Social Rules and Belonging
Diversity and Inclusivity

2. View this clip of Broome Primary School singing 'I Am Australian' in Yawuru language:

'I Am Australian' in Yawuru language (

Write down examples of respect, dignity and wellbeing that you see or hear in the video.

3. View this clip from The Final Quarter:

About Adam Goodes - Mike Sheahan (

4. View 'The Invisible Discriminator' video by Beyond Blue.

The Invisible Discriminator video by Beyond Blue (

Is racism always obvious?



Are there different typ

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