Activity Introduction

Quick summary: Retired AFL star Adam Goodes is known to many for his resilient journey in the face of detrimental treatment by AFL spectators and the media beginning in 2013.

In this lesson, students will explore the media response to the celebration dance performed by player Adam Goodes during an Indigenous Round match. They will explore objective and subjective language, identifying the use and impact of each in the commentary viewed. They will then write their own article in response to the issue, controlling their language use in order to ensure they write in an objective manner. They then reflect on and discuss the ethical responsibilities of the media.

Students view excerpts from the acclaimed 2019 documentary, The Final Quarter, as a starting point to brainstorm health, safety and wellbeing in the context of sport, school and life. Students consider the impact of racist behaviour on wellbeing.

Using only archival footage aired at the time, The Final Quarter holds a mirror to Australia and is an opportunity to reconsider what happened on and off the football field. Learn more about the film here.

We highly recommend that students view the film in its entirety before participating in subsequent lessons.Our Watching the Film lessons are designed to support you in facilitating this process. Given the content, it is also important for teachers to communicate with parents and guardians of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander students before playing the film and/or engaging with the teaching and learning resources. 

Note: This film may not be suitable for viewing by all young people. Teachers are advised to use their discretion when deciding whether to show this film. If teaching in a context with a high proportion of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander children, it is imperative that guidance is sought from the Principal and Aboriginal Education Officer (or equivalent) prior to screening the film.

Learning intentions:

  • Students understand language features that influence audiences.
  • Students understand the difference between objective and subjective language.
  • Students understand the importance of identifying all relevant information before drawing conclusions.

21st century skills: 

CommunicatingCommunity EngagementCritical ThinkingCultural UnderstandingEmpathyEthical UnderstandingSocial Skills 

Australian Curriculum Mapping

Content descriptions: 

Year 6 English:

  • Compare texts including media texts that represent ideas and events in different ways, explaining the effects of the different approaches (ACELY1708)
  • Understand the uses of objective and subjective language and bias (ACELA1517)
  • Analyse how text structures and language features work together to meet the purpose of a text (ACELY1711)
  • Use comprehension strategies to interpret and analyse information and ideas, comparing content from a variety of textual sources including media and digital texts (ACELY1713)
  • Analyse strategies authors use to influence readers (ACELY1801)
  • Plan, draft and publish imaginative, informative and persuasive texts, choosing and experimenting with text structures, language features, images and digital resources appropriate to purpose and audience (ACELY1714)
  • Re-read and edit students’ own and others’ work using agreed criteria and explaining editing choices (ACELY1715)

Syllabus outcomes: EN3-2A, EN3-3A, EN3-5B

General capabilities: Literacy, Critical and Creative Thinking, Personal and Social Capability, Ethical Understanding, Intercultural Understanding

Cross-curriculum priority: Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Histories and Cultures (OI.5, OI.6, OI.9)

Relevant parts of Year 6 English achievement standards: 

By the end of Year 6, students understand how the use of text structures can achieve particular effects. They analyse and explain how language features, images and vocabulary are used by different authors to represent ideas, characters and events.

Students compare and analyse information in different and complex texts, explaining literal and implied meaning. They select and use evidence from a text to explain their response to it. They listen to discussions, clarifying content and challenging others’ ideas.

Students understand how language features and language patterns can be used for emphasis. They show how specific details can be used to support a point of view. They explain how their choices of language features and images are used.

Students create detailed texts elaborating on key ideas for a range of purposes and audiences. They make presentations and contribute actively to class and group discussions, using a variety of strategies for effect.

Topic: Learning Through Film, Indigenous Education, Social Issues. 

This lesson is part of the wider unit of work: The Final Quarter – Exposing Truth. Embracing Diversity – Years 5 & 6

Time required: 90 mins.

Level of teacher scaffolding: High – facilitate class discussion with sensitivity to students’ feelings and experience (in relation to racial discrimination).

Resources required:

Keywords: Indigenous, Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander, race, resilience, sport, Adam Goodes, The Final Quarter, documentary, AFL, media, racism, bullying, objective, subjective, bias, language, reporting, news.

Cool Australia’s curriculum team continually reviews and refines our resources to be in line with changes to the Australian Curriculum.


Teacher Worksheet

Teacher Preparation

Learning intentions: Students understand...

  • ... language features that influence audiences.
  • ... the difference between objective and subjective language.
  • ... the importance of identifying all relevant information before drawing conclusions.

Success criteria: Students can…

  • … provide examples of objective language from the videos viewed.
  • … explain the impact of objective language.
  • … provide examples of subjective language from the videos viewed.
  • … explain the impact of the subjective language.
  • … make use of objective language to create a responsible news article.

Teacher content information:

This lesson will be centred around the acclaimed 2019 documentary, The Final Quarter. This film explores the detrimental treatment of AFL star Adam Goodes and the media and community responses. An Aboriginal player, and number 37 for the Sydney Swans, Adam Goodes was singled out for verbal abuse, booing and jeering by spectators from a range of clubs

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Student Worksheet

Thought starter: “Put yourself in Aboriginal shoes for a minute." ~ Adam Goodes

1. Watch this video (just a minute or two will be enough):

Funny & Crazy Goal Celebrations ● Football Show ● HD (

2. Watch the start of this clip from The Final Quarter, pausing at 01:26:

The War Cry - extended (

What round is the game featured being played in?

What does this round represent?

Adam Goodes did a unique celebration after his goal, what did you think of it?

3. Continue watching the clip from The Final Quarter, starting at 01:26 and pausing at


The War Cry - extended (

How did you feel when watching the celebration dance again with the commentary?




Did the expression of the commentators influence how you felt about what was happening? How?




4. Continue watching, starting from 01:48, pausing again at 03:45:

The War Cry

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