In this lesson, students use Peggy McIntosh’s ‘Invisible Knapsack’ to identify the impacts of white privilege. They work collaboratively to analyse how these impacts are explored in a range of clips from the documentary The Final Quarter considering the stories of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples and others. Students begin to transfer their skills by independently reading and analysing a written text. They then work collaboratively to consider the context and ideas within the texts they have explored. The final reflection is generative, allowing students to synthesise their existing knowledge and consider further areas for research or exploration.
Note: Talking about white privilege can be extremely uncomfortable for some people because it is an unfamiliar concept to many Australians. White privilege is structural and as such may not be recognised by those who hold it. The teacher notes provide resources to deepen your understanding of white privilege, and responding to discomfort, and it is recommended that students complete The Final Quarter – What is Privilege? – English – Year 10 prior to the other lessons in this unit.
Using only archival footage aired at the time, The Final Quarter holds a mirror to Australia and is an opportunity to reconsider what happened on and off the football field. Learn more about the film here.
We highly recommend that students view the film in its entirety before participating in subsequent lessons. Our Watching the Film lessons are designed to support you in facilitating this process. Given the content, it is also important for teachers to communicate with parents and guardians of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander students before playing the film and/or engaging with the teaching and learning resources.
Note: This film may not be suitable for viewing by all young people. Teachers are advised to use their discretion when deciding whether to show this film. If teaching in a context with a high proportion of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander children, it is imperative that guidance is sought from the Principal and Aboriginal Education Officer (or equivalent) prior to screening the film.
- Students understand the hidden mechanisms of white privilege.
- Students understand the experiences of those who do not experience white privilege.
- Students understand that texts present both the spoken and unspoken values of authors.
21st century skills:
Australian Curriculum Mapping
Year 10 English:
- Evaluate the social, moral and ethical positions represented in texts (ACELT1812)
- Identify and analyse implicit or explicit values, beliefs and assumptions in texts and how these are influenced by purposes and likely audiences (ACELY1752)
- Analyse and evaluate how people, cultures, places, events, objects and concepts are represented in texts, including media texts, through language, structural and/or visual choices (ACELY1749)
Syllabus outcomes: EN5-7D, EN5-8D
Cross-curriculum priority: Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Histories and Cultures (OI.5, OI.6)
Relevant parts of Year 10 achievement standards: Students develop and justify their own interpretations of texts. They evaluate other interpretations, analysing the evidence used to support them. They listen for ways features within texts can be manipulated to achieve particular effects.
Topic: Learning Through Film, Social Issues, Indigenous Education
This lesson is part of the wider unit of work: The Final Quarter – White Privilege – English – Year 10
Time required: 75 mins.
Level of teacher scaffolding: High – scaffold discussion around a contentious topic.
- Device capable of presenting a video to the class
- Devices with internet capability to access articles, otherwise copies will need to be printed for relevant students:
- Student Worksheets – one copy per student.
Keywords: white privilege, controversial topics, race, culture, text analysis, media analysis, author views and values, documentary, film, The Final Quarter, Adam Goodes.
Cool Australia’s curriculum team continually reviews and refines our resources to be in line with changes to the Australian Curriculum.