Activity Introduction

Quick summary: Retired AFL star Adam Goodes is known to many for his resilient journey in the face of detrimental treatment by AFL spectators and the media beginning in 2013.

In this lesson, students focus on parts of the film score in The Final Quarter. They develop their capacity to describe what they hear using musical terminology. Through repeated listenings, students evaluate the impact of the score on the audience. They develop a set of criteria to judge the quality of the score. Finally, students produce a written analysis of one section of the score, using the terminology from the earlier parts of the lesson.

Using only archival footage aired at the time, The Final Quarter holds a mirror to Australia and is an opportunity to reconsider what happened on and off the football field. Learn more about the film here.

We highly recommend that students view the film in its entirety before participating in subsequent lessons. Our Watching the Film lessons are designed to support you in facilitating this process. Given the content, it is also important for teachers to communicate with parents and guardians of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander students before playing the film and/or engaging with the teaching and learning resources. 

Note: This film may not be suitable for viewing by all young people. Teachers are advised to use their discretion when deciding whether to show this film. If teaching in a context with a high proportion of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander children, it is imperative that guidance is sought from the Principal and Aboriginal Education Officer (or equivalent) prior to screening the film.

Learning intentions:

  • Students understand how film scores impact upon the audience.
  • Students understand the terminology used to describe music, including film scores.
  • Students understand how to make claims and judgements about music, including film scores.

21st century skills: 

CommunicatingCritical ThinkingCultural UnderstandingSocial SkillsTeam Work 

Australian Curriculum Mapping

Content descriptions: 

Year 7 English:

  • Understand how language is used to evaluate texts and how evaluations about a text can be substantiated by reference to the text and other sources (ACELA1782)
  • Compare the text structures and language features of multimodal texts, explaining how they combine to influence audiences (ACELY1724)
  • Understand how to use spelling rules and word origins, for example, Greek and Latin roots, base words, suffixes, prefixes, spelling patterns and generalisations to learn new words and how to spell them (ACELA1539)

Year 8 English:

  • Explore and explain the ways authors combine different modes and media in creating texts, and the impact of these choices on the viewer/listener (ACELY1735)
  • Understand how to apply learned knowledge consistently in order to spell accurately and to learn new words including nominalisations (ACELA1549)
  • Apply increasing knowledge of vocabulary, text structures and language features to understand the content of texts (ACELY1733)

Years 7 & 8 Music:

  • Analyse composers’ use of the elements of music and stylistic features when listening to and interpreting music (ACAMUR097)
  • Identify and connect specific features and purposes of music from different eras to explore viewpoints and enrich their music making, starting with Australian music including music of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Peoples (ACAMUR098)

Syllabus outcomes: ENe-7B, EN4-1A, EN4-3B, EN4-6C, MUS4.7, MUS4.8, MUS4.10, MUS4.11, MUS4.12

General capabilities: Literacy, Critical and Creative Thinking, Personal and Social Capability

Cross-curriculum priority: Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Histories and Cultures (OI.6, OI,9)

Relevant parts of Year 7 English achievement standards:
Students explain issues and ideas from a variety of sources, analysing supporting evidence and implied meaning. They select specific details from texts to develop their own response, recognising that texts reflect different viewpoints.

Relevant parts of Year 8 English achievement standards:
Students understand how the selection of text structures is influenced by the selection of language mode and how this varies for different purposes and audiences. Students explain how language features, images and vocabulary are used to represent different ideas and issues in texts.

Relevant parts of Years 7 & 8 Music achievement standards:
Students identify and analyse how the elements of music are used in different styles and apply this knowledge in their performances and compositions. They evaluate musical choices they and others from different cultures, times and places make to communicate meaning as performers and composers.

Topic: Learning Through Film, Social Issues, Indigenous Education

This lesson is part of the wider unit of work: The Final Quarter – Composing For Film – Music – Years 7-10

Time required: 80 mins.

Level of teacher scaffolding: Medium – facilitate class discussion and support students with activities.

Resources required:

  • Device capable of presenting a video to the class
  • Student Worksheets – one copy per student.

Keywords: music, elements, analysis, musical elements, The Final Quarter, film, documentary, Adam Goodes, score, film score, soundtrack, terminology, vocabulary, intonation, rhythm, texture, expression, criteria, evaluate, ear cleaning, listening.

Cool Australia’s curriculum team continually reviews and refines our resources to be in line with changes to the Australian Curriculum.


Teacher Worksheet

Teacher Preparation

Learning intentions: Students understand

  • ... how film scores impact upon the audience.
  • ... the terminology used to describe music, including film scores.
  • ... how to make claims and judgements about music, including film scores.

Success criteria: Students can…

  • … describe what they hear using musical terminology.
  • … focus their attention on the score in the film and draw connections between the music and the film content.
  • … develop criteria and make judgements about the quality of a film score.
  • … analyse film scores by providing evidence and descriptions of what they hear.

Teacher content information:

This lesson will be centred around the acclaimed 2019 documentary, The Final Quarter. This film explores the detrimental treatment of AFL star Adam Goodes and the media and community responses. An Aboriginal player, and number 37 for the Sydney Swans, Adam Goodes was singled out for verbal abuse, booing and jeering by spectators from a range of

- or - to view worksheets

Student Worksheet

Thought starter: “Music and film are inseparable. They always have been and always will be.” ~ Martin Scorsese

Noticing The Score

1. Read the following list of 'mood words' and circle any you don't understand. Then add any new ones you can think of.

  Mood Words  




Arrange each word in the table below, deciding if each mood is either intense or relaxed, and pleasing or grieving:

  Pleasing (i.e. words that suggest positive feelings) Grieving (i.e. words that suggest challenging feelings)

Intense (i.e. words that suggest an extreme feeling)


Relaxed (i.e. words that suggest a calm feeling)

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