Quick summary: Students investigate the role of water vapour in global warming and climate change. They begin by thinking about how water vapour exists in our atmopshere, and then conduct a simple experiment designed to demonstrate how water vapour responds to heating and cooling – or compression and decompression. Students will then look at the ways that water vapour has been used to support and deny human contributions to climate change and global warming. Finally, students will think about the causes and effects of the interaction between CO2 warmth and water vapour.
These activities “… are an invaluable tool for teachers to address climate change in an educationally relevant, scientifically sound, and action-based way.” – Tim Flannery (Read more)
- Students understand the characteristics and effects of water vapour.
- Students observe and understand the effects of heating and cooling on water vapour.
- Students recognise the role of water vapour in global warming.
General capabilities: Critical and creative thinking.
Cross-curriculum priorities: Sustainability OI.1.
Australian Curriculum content description:
Year 10 Science
- Global systems, including the carbon cycle, rely on interactions involving the biosphere, lithosphere, hydrosphere and atmosphere (ACSSU189)
- Scientific understanding, including models and theories, are contestable and are refined over time through a process of review by the scientific community (ACSHE191)
- People can use scientific knowledge to evaluate whether they should accept claims, explanations or predictions (ACSHE194)
- Use knowledge of scientific concepts to draw conclusions that are consistent with evidence (ACSIS204)
- Evaluate conclusions, including identifying sources of uncertainty and possible alternative explanations, and describe specific ways to improve the quality of the data (ACSIS205)
- Critically analyse the validity of information in secondary sources and evaluate the approaches used to solve problems (ACSIS206)
Syllabus Outcomes: SC5-12ES, SC5-13ES, SC5-7WS, SC5-8WS.
Topic: We Are the Weather Makers
Time required: 60 mins
Level of teacher scaffolding: Medium – Oversee activity and facilitate discussion
Resources required: Internet access, student worksheet. Each group conducting the experiment will need:
- A glass jar
- A rubber balloon with a wide neck OR a large rubber glove
- Chalk dust
Homework and extension opportunities: Includes opportunities for homework or extension.
Key reading from We Are the Weather Makers: Chapter 2 – The Great Aerial Ocean
Further reading from the book: Chapter 14 – Extreme Weather, Chapter 13 – Rainfall, Chapter 4 – Ice Ages and Sunspots
Keywords: Water vapour, global warming, CO2, climate change.
Cool Australia’s curriculum team continually reviews and refines our resources to be in line with changes to the Australian Curriculum.
Cool Australia would like to acknowledge:
- Tim Flannery
- David Harding, Rose Iser, Sally Stevens
- Text Publishing and Purves Environmental Fund
- Climate Council