* Snow cover is decreasing in the Australian Alps and increasing in other areas due to a rise in temperature. Strangely warmer temperature brings more moisture into the air bringing more snowfall in areas that were previously very cold with low snowfall.
* Frozen ground in northern hemisphere like Siberia – the so-called permafrost is now thawing. As it does so, it’s releasing greenhouse gases from the soil underneath.
* Mountain glaciers are shrinking. The European Alps have halved in size since 1850. The loss of glaciers and the resulting flow of melt water in the Andes and the Himalayan region means less water for the people who live along the river. Most of India’s and China’s major rivers flow from the Himalayan glaciers providing water to more than two billion people.
* The melting ice cap at the North Pole is shrinking the habitat of seals, walruses and polar bears. This ice reflects the sunlight back into space. No ice means no reflection – the ocean melting more ice absorbs more heat.
* Greenland and Antarctica are both shedding ice, adding to sea level rises.
* Drought has increased in number and frequency. The Murray Darling system is being loved to death and is slowly dying as governments, irrigators and those who care for our future generations are unable to agree on a course of action to save the river.
* Sea levels are currently rising by 3mm per year. It is estimated that there will be more than 200 million climate refugees due to rising sea levels by 2100.
* We are also experiencing heavier rainfall, drier droughts and more destructive winds.
* As oceans soak up more and more Carbon (around 25%) they become more acidic. This makes it harder for creatures that make shells to make them.
The hottest 10 years since measurements began have been the last 10 years. Each decade since 1950 has been hotter than the last.
What will happen next? No one really knows.