Show all related activities


Units of work involving our environment enable your students to immediately apply their learning in the real world giving them greater motivation and opportunities to excel. 

Curriculum materials are designed to meet a wide range of educational needs throughout Australia including:

1.     Australian curriculum

2.     Other State curricula

3.     Latest innovations in learning and teaching practice eg Principles of Learning and Teaching (PoLT)

4.     The e5 instructional model – engage, explore, explain, elaborate and evaluate

5.     The curriculum component of AuSSI – the Australian Sustainable Schools Initiative

6.     Education for a Sustainable Future, Australian Government

You will find everything you need to teach a curriculum unit on energy for years 3 and 4 in the teacher Curriculum section of the website.  Student research materials can be found under Student Toolbox in the top menu bar. Here you will also find self directed activities and various tools.

Find what you need by selecting the year levels and topic.  Otherwise use the built in search engine.

All units of work developed integrate most areas of learning including English, Science, Geography and Mathematics. ICT, Civics and Citizenship etc.

Every week Cool Australia will further build the Student Toolbox sections of the website culminating in hundreds of incredible learning resources. Please keep referring back to these areas.

We always appreciate both student and teacher feedback.  If you find anything that requires minor revision please contacts us

 Inquiry learning

A model of Inquiry learning has been chosen to design the Cool Australia units of work as it can be used to incorporate and accommodate all the various educational changes and innovations to curriculum and teaching practice that have occurred over the past ten years.  It is also recommended by The Australian Government’s current document Education for a Sustainable Future, 2005

Cool Australia’s inquiry learning approach has been sub-divided into Prior learning, Tuning in, Finding out, Drawing conclusions, Finding solutions, Considering social action and Reflection and evaluation.

Prior learning

Prior learning activities enable students to value what they already know about a topic.  While they establish what students already know, they also help the teacher to identify some of their misconceptions.  Prior learning activities can be used as the start of the assessment process.

Tuning in

A tuning in activity helps students to define and focus on the issues they will be dealing with in the unit of work.

Finding out

Students will need to obtain more information about the issues they are going to investigate.  They can identify questions of interest and research these either in small groups or on their own.  Once information is gathered, it can be shared using chosen communication methods e.g. short presentations.

Students can continue finding out by completing a range of investigations, including gathering data.  They use appropriate methods to present and communicate what they have found out.

Drawing conclusions

Students are provided with activities that help them further develop their ideas and opinions. They describe issues from different perspectives.  They identify, examine and justify different points of view.

Considering social action

Students are given opportunities to apply their learning in real world situations, in the classroom, school, home or the local community.

Reflection and assessment

Reflection time provides students with an opportunity to value what they have learnt and the learning processes in which they have been involved.

Evaluation or assessment tasks during the unit of work will need to conclude. 

Student actions

Units of work involving our environment enable your students to immediately apply their learning in the real world, so they have greater motivation and opportunities to excel.  They become empowered as they discover their ability to create positive change for a sustainable future.

In designing the units of work, Cool Australia has identified the age appropriate actions for students so that as they grow older, they accept greater and more rewarding challenges. Students can progressively develop into community leaders and when they leave school have a wide range of skills and self confidence in creating positive changes around them. 

Foundations years: Students learn to be responsible for their actions and belongings

Years 1 and 2: Students take responsibility for their classroom

Years 3 and 4: Students start taking greater responsibility for environmental tasks around their school

Years 5 and 6: Students assist in creating change in their school and local communities 

Years 7 and 8: Students instigate and plan environmental projects and campaigns in their schools and local community

Year 9 and 10: Students take initiatives in sustainability projects in their school and local community. 

In this unit on Energy, Year 3 and 4 students are provided with action-based activities that will enable them to:

  • manage the energy use in the classroom by developing rules about classroom computers and other electrical devices, making the most of available light and understanding how best to use ventilation in different weather conditions.
  • identify other ways students can reduce energy use around their school.
  • produce an energy saving book.
  • write to a politician about energy issues.. 


 Assessment and curriculum links


 Assessment background: Education systems have high expectations concerning assessment.  Many schools will have very prescriptive assessment policies.  Having assessment processes in place throughout a unit of work and involving students in their assessment will assist teachers to meet these expectations.  The current overarching understanding of assessment is:

  • Assessment for learning will help teachers respond to students’ learning needs during the unit of work.
  • Assessment as learning occurs when students monitor their own progress and make learning choices.
  • Assessment of learning occurs when teachers use evidence of what students have achieved. Teachers are often obliged to measure this against Learning Outcomes or Standards.


To assist teachers, activities have been identified to assist with assessment.  Teachers will first need to decide what aspects of their curriculum they wish to assess.  This will be determined by their State’s official curriculum policies and documents.  This in time may be superseded by an Australian Curriculum.

Teachers who work with Cool Australia often use the following process to develop their assessment:

1.     Once the unit of work has been chosen, choose which learning outcomes, standards etc. that are going to be assessed.  Often this is around five outcomes, standards etc for the entire unit..

2.     Link the appropriate activities throughout this unit with the areas to be assessed.

3.     Decide how are students being assessed during their learning

4.     When students are developing learning goals, and then link the goals to the assessment.

5.     Decide how individual student’s learning goals will be assessed

6.     Modify activities where needed so they are a neat fit with your assessment needs.

7.     As the unit develops, choose self-assessment tools with which students are familiar for self-assessments.

8.     Inform students at the start of the unit about their assessment requirements.


Assessment ideas

A unit of work on an environmental topic will provide a range of tasks suitable for assessment.  Identify the tasks that best assist with the learning outcomes/standards etc you wish to assess. 

Tow list of assessment ideas have been develop as follows:

1.     General – could apply to any unit of work on our environment using an inquiry approach

2.     More specifically – identifies activities in this unit of work that has tasks suitable for assessment.



  • Use a prior learning activity to both find out what students already understand at the beginning of the unit, and to find out the misconceptions that students  believe have changed at the end of the unit.
  • When doing activities such as cool question, students are able to respond to questions and can compare and explain other’s opinions.
  • Students produce informative texts.
  • Students present information or findings in a variety of ways sometimes choosing the media.
  • Students use mathematical language and concepts to explain environmental challenges and solutions.
  • Use the ‘Considering social action activities’, students apply their new understandings


More specifically.

  • Use the activity sheets as you go through the unit to confirm if students are learning new concepts.
  • As students collect data, ask them to explain what the data means.
  • Use the presentation on renewable energy to find out about student research skills and their ability to present information.
  • Use the products developed during the following activities
  • Make an energy saving book
  • Get out your pens.